Mathematical prediction of the compressive strength of bacterial concrete using gene expression programming

Published on May 4, 2021in Ain Shams Engineering Journal1.949
· DOI :10.1016/J.ASEJ.2021.04.008
Hassan Amer Algaifi3
Estimated H-index: 3
(UTHM: Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia),
Hassan Amer Algaifi1
Estimated H-index: 1
(UTHM: Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia)
+ 5 AuthorsBabatunde Abiodun Salami6
Estimated H-index: 6
(UPM: King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals)
Sources
Abstract
Abstract The impact of microbial calcium carbonate on concrete strength has been extensively evaluated in the literature. However, there is no predicted equation for the compressive strength of concrete incorporating ureolytic bacteria. Therefore, in the present study, 69 experimental tests were taken into account to introduce a new predicted mathematical formula for compressive strength of bacterial concrete with different concentrations of calcium nitrate tetrahydrate, urea, yeast extract, bacterial cells and time using Gene Expression Programming (GEP) modelling. Based on the results, statistical indicators (MAE, RAE, RMSE, RRSE, R and R2) proved the capability of the GEP 2 model to predict compressive strength in which minimum error and high correlation were achieved. Moreover, both predicted and actual results indicated that compressive strength decreased with the increase in nutrient concentration. In contrast, the compressive strength increased with increased bacterial cells concentration. It could be concluded that GEP2 were found to be reliable and accurate compared to that of the experimental results.
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