Experimental Verification of the Balance between Elastic Pressure and Ionic Osmotic Pressure of Highly Swollen Charged Gels.

Published on Apr 1, 2021in Gels4.702
· DOI :10.3390/GELS7020039
Tasuku Nakajima37
Estimated H-index: 37
Ken Ichi Hoshino1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Hokkaido University)
+ 2 AuthorsJian Ping Gong81
Estimated H-index: 81
The equilibrium swelling degree of a highly swollen charged gel has been thought to be determined by the balance between its elastic pressure and ionic osmotic pressure. However, the full experimental verification of this balance has not previously been conducted. In this study, we verified the balance between the elastic pressure and ionic osmotic pressure of charged gels using purely experimental methods. We used tetra-PEG gels created using the molecular stent method (St-tetra-PEG gels) as the highly swollen charged gels to precisely and separately control their network structure and charge density. The elastic pressure of the gels was measured through the indentation test, whereas the ionic osmotic pressure was determined by electric potential measurement without any strong assumptions or fittings. We confirmed that the two experimentally determined pressures of the St-tetra-PEG gels were well balanced at their swelling equilibrium, suggesting the validity of the aforementioned relationship. Furthermore, from single-strand level analysis, we investigated the structural requirements of the highly swollen charged gels in which the elasticity and ionic osmosis are balanced at their swelling equilibrium.
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#2Takuya KatashimaH-Index: 11
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#2Murugappan Muthukumar (UMass: University of Massachusetts Amherst)H-Index: 72
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