Diagnostic evolution of vestibular neuritis after long-term monitoring.

Published on Mar 5, 2021in Revista Brasileira De Otorrinolaringologia
· DOI :10.1016/J.BJORL.2021.02.004
Sung-Hoon Kim4
Estimated H-index: 4
(Inha University),
Yoon Kun Jung1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Inha University)
+ 2 AuthorsHyun Kim9
Estimated H-index: 9
(Inha University)
Source
Abstract
Abstract Introduction The diagnosis of vestibular neuritis is based on clinical and laboratory findings after exclusion of other disease. There are occasional discrepancies between clinical impressions and laboratory results. It could be the first vertigo episode caused by other recurrent vestibular disease, other than vestibular neuritis. Objective This study aimed to analyze the clinical features and identify the diagnostic evolution of patients with clinically suspected vestibular neuritis. Methods A total of 201 patients clinically diagnosed with vestibular neuritis were included in this study. Clinical data on the symptoms and signs of vertigo along with the results of vestibular function test were analyzed retrospectively. Patients were categorized in terms of the results of caloric testing (CP - canal paresis) group; canal paresis ≥25%; (MCP -minimal canal paresis) group; canal paresis Results Out of 201 patients, 57 showed minimal canal paresis (CP  Conclusions Patients with minimal CP are more likely to have recurrent vertigo than patients with definite CP. There was no significant difference in the distribution of the final diagnoses between two groups when the vertigo recurs.
References13
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#2Jung Eun Shin (Konkuk University)H-Index: 14
Last. Chang-Hee Kim (Konkuk University)H-Index: 13
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Abstract Vestibular neuritis is one of the most common peripheral causes of acute vestibular syndrome, of which the diagnosis is generally based on a comprehensive interpretation of clinical and laboratory findings following reasonable exclusion of other disorders. This study aimed to investigate the final diagnosis of patients admitted to hospital under the clinical impression of vestibular neuritis who showed no unilateral caloric paresis. Forty-five patients who visited the emergency departme...
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OBJECTIVES: To analyze the clinical characteristics of vestibular neuritis patients with minimal canal paresis (canal paresis <25%). METHODS: Patients clinically diagnosed with vestibular neuritis and treated at our institute (n=201) underwent otoneurological examination and vestibular function tests. Patients were categorized in terms of the results of caloric testing (canal paresis<25%, n=58; canal paresis≥25%, n=143). Clinical characteristics and laboratory outcomes were compared between two ...
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Vestibular migraine (VM) is the most common cause of episodic vertigo in adults as well as in children. The diagnostic criteria of the consensus document of the International Barany Society for Neuro-Otology and the International Headache Society (2012) combine the typical signs and symptoms of migraine with the vestibular symptoms lasting 5 min to 72 h and exclusion criteria. Although VM accounts for 7 % of patients seen in dizziness clinics and 9 % of patients seen in headache clinics it is st...
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This paper presents diagnostic criteria for vestibular migraine, jointly formulated by the Committee for Classification of Vestibular Disorders of the Barany Society and the Migraine Classification Subcommittee of the International Headache Society (IHS). The classification includes vestibular migraine and probable vestibular migraine. Vestibular migraine will appear in an appendix of the third edition of the International Classification of Headache Disorders (ICHD) as a first step for new entit...
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Abstract Conclusion. The recurrence rate of vertigo due to any cause in patients with vestibular neuritis (VN) was about 26.0% in our study. No clinical characteristics were significantly associated with recurrences. Objective: We aimed to: 1) determine the prevalence of recurrent VN; 2) compare the clinical characteristics and epidemiologic factors of patients with non-recurrent and recurrent VN; and 3) determine the prevalence of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) in patients with VN....
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Conclusions: Recurrence of vestibular neuritis (VN) is a rare event in long-term follow-up. The incidence of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) in VN patients represents a quite common outcome. To our knowledge, this study represents the only long-term longitudinal study on recurrence of VN and incidence of secondary BPPV in VN. Objectives: To study a large number of VN patients longitudinally to identify the recurrence rate of VN and incidence of BPPV, other peripheral vestibular disor...
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We examined 103 patients with vestibular neuritis (VN) in a follow-up study (5.7 to 20.5 years, mean 9.8 years). Two patients (1.9%) had developed a second occurrence of VN 29 to 39 months after the first. VN affected the contralateral ear in both and caused less severe distressing vertigo and postural imbalance. Unlike Bell’s palsy and sudden hearing loss, a relapse in the same ear did not occur.
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Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) originating from the posterior semicircular canal (pSCC) is a common vestibular disorder that is easy to diagnose and usually easy to treat. The majority of patients with BPPV have no known inner ear disease; they have "primary" or "idiopathic" BPPV. However, a minority does have objective evidence of an inner ear disease on the same side as the BPPV and this group has "secondary" or "symptomatic" BPPV. Previous publications differ on the prevalence of...
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Vestibular neuritis is a common cause of partial unilateral vestibular paralysis, which usually spares posterior semicircular canal function. The cause is assumed to be a viral reactivation of latent herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) in human vestibular ganglia. The existence of an anastomosis between the intermediate nerve and the superior vestibular nerve suggests the question of whether selective affliction of the superior vestibular nerve is the result of migration of HSV-1 from the genicu...
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Seven to eight years after a disease period of vestibular neuritis 19 patients previously examined at our department were given a questionnaire about whether they had experienced any audiovestibular symptoms since they first fell ill. All 19 patients responded and 18 consented to participate in the long-term follow-up study. The patients were subjected to a clinical evaluation, a bithermal caloric test and audiological examinations with stapedius reflex measurements with use of the same techniqu...
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