A comprehensive review on fundamental properties and applications of poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF)

Published on Mar 1, 2021
· DOI :10.1007/S42114-021-00217-0
Pooja Saxena6
Estimated H-index: 6
,
Prashant Shukla10
Estimated H-index: 10
(Amity University)
Source
Abstract
Polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) is known as a favorite polymer from the family of fluoropolymers due to its excellent piezoelectric properties, thermal stability, and mechanical strength. It has a good processability, and it also possess chemical resistance property to different materials such as different acids, bases, organic solvents, oil, and fat. The present study reveals an overview of the recent growth and development in the application perspective and modification of PVDF membranes, majorly focus on sensors and actuators, spin-valve devices, magnetoelectric materials, energy harvesting applications, tissue engineering, modeling engineering, and other biomedical engineering and devices. From an electronic point of view, ferroelectric polymers are insulating, polar, and possess a non-conjugated backbone; therefore, they are termed as highly insulating materials. The insulating polymers are most attractive for the study of charge transportation and storage. Such polymers also yield the best electrets for practical application because of their insulating properties and high concentration of deep trapping sites. Thus, the objective of this review is to present the physical, chemical, thermal, and mechanical properties of PVDF. This article also provides an intelligent direction in the progress of PVDF in different fields of science and technology.
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Herein, electrospun zinc oxide nanoparticle/poly (vinylidene fluoride) (ZnONP/PVDF) composite fiber membranes were designed, fabricated, and tested for improved orthopedic applications. A single fa...
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We report a new type of responsive polymer film which is composed of pure poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) and is prepared using a simple solution-casting method. This responsive PVDF film possesses an anisotropic spatial distribution of the α phase and β phase, resulting in a fast response rate, high sensitivity, and robust responsiveness to organic vapors. Experimental and computational studies illustrate that α-phase PVDF exhibits a much stronger swelling ability in acetone vapor than β-phase...
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A high-performance actuator should be able to deliver large-shape deformations, fast actuations and sensitive responses to multiple stimuli. Here, we report such an actuator constructed from one layer of polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) with a high coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE), and another layer of small sheets of graphene oxide (SGO) with a negative CTE. The opposite deformations of both actuation layers make the SGO/PVDF bilayer actuator highly sensitive to the temperature stimulus wit...
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The incorporation of high-dielectric permittivity ceramic or conductive fillers into the polymer is an effective method to obtain flexible high-performance dielectric materials, but it is still a huge challenge to achieve a balance between dielectric and mechanical properties. In this paper, we report a polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) nanocomposite based on a novel crab leg-like filler, in which Ag nanoparticles (AgNPs) were decorated on the surface of polydopamine (PDA)-coated silicon carbide (S...
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