Determination of Impact Damage in CFRP via PVDF Signal Analysis with Support Vector Machine.

Published on Nov 18, 2020in Materials3.057
· DOI :10.3390/MA13225207
Hyun-Taik Oh1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Hanyang University),
Jong-Ick Won1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Hanyang University)
+ 1 AuthorsTae-Won Kim19
Estimated H-index: 19
(Hanyang University)
Sources
Abstract
Carbon fiber reinforced plastics (CFRPs) have high specific stiffness and strength, but they are vulnerable to transverse loading, especially low-velocity impact loadings. The impact damage may cause serious strength reduction in CFRP structure, but the damage in a CFRP is mainly internal and microscopic, that it is barely visible. Therefore, this study proposes a method of determining impact damage in CFRP via poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) sensor, which is convenient and has high mechanical and electrical performance. In total, 114 drop impact tests were performed to investigate on impact responses and PVDF signals due to impacts. The test results were analyzed to determine the damage of specimens and signal features, which are relevant to failure mechanisms were extracted from PVDF signals by means of discrete wavelet transform (DWT). Support vector machine (SVM) was used for optimal classification of damage state, and the model using radial basis function (RBF) kernel showed the best performance. The model was validated through a 4-fold cross-validation, and the accuracy was reported to be 92.30%. In conclusion, impact damage in CFRP structures can be effectively determined using the spectral analysis and the machine learning-based classification on PVDF signals.
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