Anatomy of the cardiac chambers: A review of the left ventricle

Published on Jun 1, 2021in Translational Research in Anatomy
· DOI :10.1016/J.TRIA.2020.100095
Shinelle Whiteman2
Estimated H-index: 2
Yusuf Alimi3
Estimated H-index: 3
+ 3 AuthorsMarios Loukas58
Estimated H-index: 58
Abstract Background The left ventricle is built to carry out its function as a powerful pump. To detail recent findings of anatomical variants associated with the left ventricular compartment, we will first review the external and general features, followed by the internal features and subsequently, the standard variants that can exist within this chamber of the heart. Methods This literature review seeks to collate and discuss peer-reviewed articles on the anatomy of the left ventricle. Results The left ventricle has many unique features including walls that are thicker than those of the right ventricle, an overlap of its inlet and outlet portions, and the hinge of the leaflets of the mitral valve that are oriented cranially relative to those of the tricuspid valve. Conclusion While the left ventricle shares many characteristics with that of the right ventricle, the unique features may contribute to cardiac pathology and can also be used to the surgeon's advantage in treating disease.
#1Agata Krawczyk-Ożóg (Jagiellonian University Medical College)H-Index: 7
#2Mateusz K. Hołda (Jagiellonian University Medical College)H-Index: 15
Last. Wiesława Klimek-Piotrowska (Jagiellonian University Medical College)H-Index: 14
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Abstract Objectives To characterize morphologic variations in the papillary muscles and tendinous cords of the left ventricle and ventricular zones of the mitral valve leaflets. Methods A total of 100 autopsied human hearts from healthy donors with classical mitral valve type were investigated. Results In 1 heart, only 1 group of papillary muscles was found, and in the remaining 99%, we could distinguish 2 groups of muscles: Superolateral (SLPM) and inferoseptal papillary muscle (ISPM) groups. T...
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#1Agata Krawczyk-Ożóg (Jagiellonian University Medical College)H-Index: 7
#2Mateusz K. Hołda (Jagiellonian University Medical College)H-Index: 15
Last. Wiesława Klimek-Piotrowska (Jagiellonian University Medical College)H-Index: 14
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#1Marios Loukas (St. George's University)H-Index: 58
#2Pamela Youssef (St. George's University)H-Index: 2
Last. R. Shane Tubbs (St. George's University)H-Index: 69
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The nature, function, and anatomy of the heart have been extensively studied since 3500 B.C. Greek and Egyptian science developed a basic understanding of the heart, although this was primarily related to religious beliefs. During the Hippocratic era, Hippocrates and his colleagues developed a more scientific and less religious understanding of the cardiovascular system. The post-Hippocratic era was characterized by more advanced descriptions of the location, structure, and function of the heart...
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The establishment of radiofrequency catheter ablation techniques as the mainstay in the treatment of tachycardia has renewed new interest in cardiac anatomy. The interventional arrhythmologist has drawn attention not only to the gross anatomic details of the heart but also to architectural and histological characteristics of various cardiac regions that are relevant to the development or recurrence of tachyarrhythmias and procedural related complications of catheter ablation. In this review, the...
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#1Robert H. Anderson (Newcastle University)H-Index: 112
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Preface Acknowledgements 1. Surgical approaches to the heart 2. Anatomy of the cardiac chambers 3. Surgical anatomy of the valves of the heart 4. Surgical anatomy of the coronary circulation 5. Surgical anatomy of cardiac conduction 6. Analytic description of congenitally malformed hearts 7. Lesions with normal segmental connections 8. Lesions in hearts with abnormal segmental connections 9. Abnormalities of the great vessels 10. Positional anomalies of the heart Index.
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#1Saji Philip (NTU: National Taiwan University)H-Index: 5
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Cited By3
#1Marcin Kuniewicz (Jagiellonian University Medical College)H-Index: 4
#1Marcin KuniewiczH-Index: 1
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The left ventricular summit (LVS) is a triangular area located at the most superior portion of the left epicardial ventricular region, surrounded by the two branches of the left coronary artery: the left anterior interventricular artery and the left circumflex artery. The triangle is bounded by the apex, septal and mitral margins and base. This review aims to provide a systematic and comprehensive anatomical description and proper terminology in the LVS region that may facilitate exchanging info...
#1Damian Dudkiewicz (Jagiellonian University Medical College)H-Index: 1
#2Katarzyna Słodowska (Jagiellonian University Medical College)H-Index: 1
Last. Mateusz K. Hołda (University of Manchester)H-Index: 1
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Abstract Background The clinical anatomy of the left atrium is of special interest since many invasive procedures are performed within this chamber. Pulmonary vein isolation, linear transcatheter ablations, transcatheter mitral valve repair procedures and left atrial appendage occlusions are examples of highly effective procedures done within the left atrial chamber. Methods This narrative literature review seeks to discuss the latest articles about the anatomy of left atrial structures. Results...
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