Cardiac veins, an anatomical review

Published on Jun 1, 2021in Translational Research in Anatomy
· DOI :10.1016/J.TRIA.2020.100096
Mohammad W. Kassem2
Estimated H-index: 2
,
Sasha Lake1
Estimated H-index: 1
(St. George's University)
+ 2 AuthorsMarios Loukas58
Estimated H-index: 58
(St. George's University)
Source
Abstract
Abstract Background The detailed investigations of the coronary arteries overshadow the anatomy and clinical relevance of the coronary venous tree. Many recent advances in diagnostic and therapeutic interventional cardiac procedures now involve manipulations of the coronary veins. Purpose The aim of this paper is to provide a review of the coronary venous tree to assist in enhancing the clinical knowledge on the anatomy of the coronary veins. Methods A literature search was conducted using google scholar, and pubmed NCBI data basem in search of peer-reviewed literature with keyword search including history of cardiac veins, coronary vein anatomy, and cardiac veins. Conclusion Cardiac procedures such as ablations and retrograde cardioplegia depends on the ability to of the clinician to accurately identify critical cardiac venous structures from imaging studies and while during procedures. These advances demand that clinicians have a deeper understanding of the coronary venous tree as it relates to their anatomy and variants.
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#1Anna Żabówka (Jagiellonian University Medical College)H-Index: 4
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#1Małgorzata Mazur (Jagiellonian University Medical College)H-Index: 7
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Summary Background Improving survival and extending the longevity of life for all populations requires timely, robust evidence on local mortality levels and trends. The Global Burden of Disease 2015 Study (GBD 2015) provides a comprehensive assessment of all-cause and cause-specific mortality for 249 causes in 195 countries and territories from 1980 to 2015. These results informed an in-depth investigation of observed and expected mortality patterns based on sociodemographic measures. Methods We...
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#1Marios Loukas (St. George's University)H-Index: 58
#2Islam Aly (St. George's University)H-Index: 3
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As anatomists we rely on the nomenclature of structures in order to describe them appropriately, particularly their orientation in respect to their surrounding. The terminology used by the anatomist to describe an organ, muscle, or nerve within the body is taught to medical students as law. Students learn to describe structures in the “anatomical position”, which has been accepted in the literature since the original Latin Nomina Anatomica. They therefore familiarize themselves with the use of t...
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#1Thananya Boonyasirinant (MU: Mahidol University)H-Index: 9
Last. Scott D. Flamm (Cleveland Clinic)H-Index: 56
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Abstract Objective Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) is an important therapeutic strategy in heart failure. However, there is a high incidence of lead implantation failure and suboptimal response, particularly in ischemic cardiomyopathy. This failure rate may partly be secondary to lack of suitable coronary sinus branches for lead implantation. We sought to assess the presence of coronary sinus (CS) tributaries in patients with ischemic and non-ischemic cardiomyopathy. Materials and method...
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The left ventricular summit (LVS) is a triangular area located at the most superior portion of the left epicardial ventricular region, surrounded by the two branches of the left coronary artery: the left anterior interventricular artery and the left circumflex artery. The triangle is bounded by the apex, septal and mitral margins and base. This review aims to provide a systematic and comprehensive anatomical description and proper terminology in the LVS region that may facilitate exchanging info...
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#2Katarzyna Słodowska (Jagiellonian University Medical College)H-Index: 1
Last. Mateusz K. Hołda (University of Manchester)H-Index: 1
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Abstract Background The clinical anatomy of the left atrium is of special interest since many invasive procedures are performed within this chamber. Pulmonary vein isolation, linear transcatheter ablations, transcatheter mitral valve repair procedures and left atrial appendage occlusions are examples of highly effective procedures done within the left atrial chamber. Methods This narrative literature review seeks to discuss the latest articles about the anatomy of left atrial structures. Results...
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