Cardiac veins, an anatomical review

Published on Jun 1, 2021in Translational Research in Anatomy
· DOI :10.1016/J.TRIA.2020.100096
Mohammad W. Kassem2
Estimated H-index: 2
Sasha Lake1
Estimated H-index: 1
(St. George's University)
+ 2 AuthorsMarios Loukas58
Estimated H-index: 58
(St. George's University)
Abstract Background The detailed investigations of the coronary arteries overshadow the anatomy and clinical relevance of the coronary venous tree. Many recent advances in diagnostic and therapeutic interventional cardiac procedures now involve manipulations of the coronary veins. Purpose The aim of this paper is to provide a review of the coronary venous tree to assist in enhancing the clinical knowledge on the anatomy of the coronary veins. Methods A literature search was conducted using google scholar, and pubmed NCBI data basem in search of peer-reviewed literature with keyword search including history of cardiac veins, coronary vein anatomy, and cardiac veins. Conclusion Cardiac procedures such as ablations and retrograde cardioplegia depends on the ability to of the clinician to accurately identify critical cardiac venous structures from imaging studies and while during procedures. These advances demand that clinicians have a deeper understanding of the coronary venous tree as it relates to their anatomy and variants.
#1Anna ŻabówkaH-Index: 4
#2Marcin JakielH-Index: 1
Last. Mateusz K. HołdaH-Index: 15
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BACKGROUND: The oblique vein of the left atrium is of interest for both basic and clinical electrophysiologists. AIMS: We aimed to examine topographic anatomy of oblique vein and focus on assessing vein's location and relationships with surrounding heart structures. METHODS: There were 200 autopsied adult human hearts examined. RESULTS: The oblique vein was observed in 71.0% and had total length of 30.8 (13.6) mm. In hearts with present oblique vein, significantly larger distances were observed ...
2 CitationsSource
Abstract Coronary venous anatomy can be divided into the greater cardiac venous system and the lesser cardiac venous system. With protocol optimization, including appropriate contrast bolus timing, coronary veins can be depicted with excellent detail on CT. Knowledge of variant coronary venous anatomy can sometimes play a role in pre-procedural planning. Analysis of the coronary venous anatomy on CT can detect coronary venous anomalies that cause right to left shunts with risk of stroke, left to...
7 CitationsSource
#1Anna Żabówka (Jagiellonian University Medical College)H-Index: 4
#2Jakub Hołda (Jagiellonian University Medical College)H-Index: 8
Last. Mateusz K. Hołda (Jagiellonian University Medical College)H-Index: 15
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INTRODUCTION: To deliver accurate morphological descriptions of the Vieussens valve (VV) and to investigate whether this structure could be visualized using standard contrast-enhanced electrocardiogram-gated multislice computed tomography (MSCT). METHODS: A total of 145 human autopsied hearts and 114 cardiac MSCT scans were examined. RESULTS: The VV was observed in both study groups, however, the detection rate was significantly worse in the MSCT examination (18.4% in MSCT vs 62.1% in cadavers, ...
3 CitationsSource
#1Małgorzata Mazur (Jagiellonian University Medical College)H-Index: 7
#2Anna Żabówka (Jagiellonian University Medical College)H-Index: 4
Last. Mateusz K. Hołda (Jagiellonian University Medical College)H-Index: 15
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BACKGROUND: Variations of the coronary sinus tributaries might result in difficulties in left ventricle electrode insertion during cardiac resynchronizing therapy. Morphometric features of tributaries, especially angulation of the coronary sinus tributaries, are crucial for coronary sinus procedures. METHODS: This study was carried out on 200 formaldehyde-fixed human hearts (22.0% females, mean age of 48.7 ± 15.6 years). RESULTS: The inferolateral aspect of the left ventricle was accessible from...
5 CitationsSource
#1Guang Song (PRC: China Medical University (PRC))H-Index: 5
#2Ming Du (PRC: China Medical University (PRC))H-Index: 2
Last. Lu Sun (PRC: China Medical University (PRC))H-Index: 1
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Abstract Background Congenital anomalies of the venous system are rare, involve the inferior vena cava (IVC), a persistent left superior vena cava (PLSVC), and the left hepatic vein (LHV), and can make cardiac diagnostic and therapeutic procedures difficult. Case presentation We present a 67-year-old woman without heterotaxy syndrome associated with interruption of the left IVC that continued with the hemiazygos vein system, a PLSVC, and an anomalous LHV draining the into coronary sinus (CS). Th...
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#1Georgios Paraskevas (A.U.Th.: Aristotle University of Thessaloniki)H-Index: 11
#2Konstantinos Koutsouflianiotis (A.U.Th.: Aristotle University of Thessaloniki)H-Index: 3
Last. Kalliopi Iliou (A.U.Th.: Aristotle University of Thessaloniki)H-Index: 5
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Abstract In the present study a brief overview of the history regarding the development of the knowledge of the macroscopic and microscopic anatomical elements of the heart along with some embryological remnants of the heart has been conducted. The evolution of the awareness as regards the various anatomical and embryonic structures of the heart began from Greek medico-philosophers, such as Hippocrates, Herophilus, Erasistratus and Galen, however, such knowledge was enpowered from the meticulous...
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#1Haidong Wang (UW: University of Washington)H-Index: 4
#1Haidong Wang (UW: University of Washington)H-Index: 52
Last. Christopher J L Murray (UW: University of Washington)H-Index: 220
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Summary Background Improving survival and extending the longevity of life for all populations requires timely, robust evidence on local mortality levels and trends. The Global Burden of Disease 2015 Study (GBD 2015) provides a comprehensive assessment of all-cause and cause-specific mortality for 249 causes in 195 countries and territories from 1980 to 2015. These results informed an in-depth investigation of observed and expected mortality patterns based on sociodemographic measures. Methods We...
3,231 CitationsSource
#1Christopher J. G. Sigakis (University of Colorado Hospital)H-Index: 2
#2Daniel Vargas (University of Colorado Hospital)H-Index: 12
\A 36-year-old woman with a medical history of partial anomalous pulmonary venous return (PAPVR) presented to our Emergency Department with chest pain and left arm numbness. The patient's vital signs, physical exam, ECG, chest radiograph, and laboratory work-up (including serum troponin levels) were all normal. Further evaluation with gated cardiac CT angiography (Fig. 1) demonstrated the patient's known PAPVR (not shown) as well as an incidentally noted small vessel originating from the left at...
1 CitationsSource
#1Marios Loukas (St. George's University)H-Index: 58
#2Islam Aly (St. George's University)H-Index: 3
Last. Robert H. Anderson (Newcastle University)H-Index: 112
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As anatomists we rely on the nomenclature of structures in order to describe them appropriately, particularly their orientation in respect to their surrounding. The terminology used by the anatomist to describe an organ, muscle, or nerve within the body is taught to medical students as law. Students learn to describe structures in the “anatomical position”, which has been accepted in the literature since the original Latin Nomina Anatomica. They therefore familiarize themselves with the use of t...
16 CitationsSource
#1Thananya Boonyasirinant (MU: Mahidol University)H-Index: 9
Last. Scott D. Flamm (Cleveland Clinic)H-Index: 56
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Abstract Objective Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) is an important therapeutic strategy in heart failure. However, there is a high incidence of lead implantation failure and suboptimal response, particularly in ischemic cardiomyopathy. This failure rate may partly be secondary to lack of suitable coronary sinus branches for lead implantation. We sought to assess the presence of coronary sinus (CS) tributaries in patients with ischemic and non-ischemic cardiomyopathy. Materials and method...
5 CitationsSource
Cited By2
#1Marcin Kuniewicz (Jagiellonian University Medical College)H-Index: 4
#1Marcin KuniewiczH-Index: 1
Last. Mateusz K. Hołda (Jagiellonian University Medical College)H-Index: 15
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The left ventricular summit (LVS) is a triangular area located at the most superior portion of the left epicardial ventricular region, surrounded by the two branches of the left coronary artery: the left anterior interventricular artery and the left circumflex artery. The triangle is bounded by the apex, septal and mitral margins and base. This review aims to provide a systematic and comprehensive anatomical description and proper terminology in the LVS region that may facilitate exchanging info...
#1Damian Dudkiewicz (Jagiellonian University Medical College)H-Index: 1
#2Katarzyna Słodowska (Jagiellonian University Medical College)H-Index: 1
Last. Mateusz K. Hołda (University of Manchester)H-Index: 1
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Abstract Background The clinical anatomy of the left atrium is of special interest since many invasive procedures are performed within this chamber. Pulmonary vein isolation, linear transcatheter ablations, transcatheter mitral valve repair procedures and left atrial appendage occlusions are examples of highly effective procedures done within the left atrial chamber. Methods This narrative literature review seeks to discuss the latest articles about the anatomy of left atrial structures. Results...
2 CitationsSource