Increasing cannabis use and importance as an environmental contaminant mixture and associated risks to exposed biota: A review

Published on Sep 18, 2020in Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology12.561
· DOI :10.1080/10643389.2020.1819730
Emily K. C. Kennedy1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
Genevieve A. Perono3
Estimated H-index: 3
+ 9 AuthorsGregg T. Tomy42
Estimated H-index: 42
(UM: University of Manitoba)
Source
Abstract
For years, cannabis has been largely used for its mind-altering properties. However, the discovery of its medicinal and therapeutic attributes has led to increased medicinal use. With recent legali...
References180
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#1Yasaman RazaviH-Index: 8
#2Ronak Shabani (IUMS: Iran University of Medical Sciences)H-Index: 9
Last. Abbas Haghparast (Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences and Health Services)H-Index: 32
view all 4 authors...
Neuropsychiatric disorders, such as addiction, are associated with cognitive impairment, including learning and memory deficits. Previous research has demonstrated that the chronic use of methamphetamine (METH) induces long-term cognitive impairment and cannabidiol (CBD), as a neuroprotectant, can reverse spatial memory deficits induced by drug abuse. The study aimed to evaluate the effect of CBD on METH-induced memory impairment in rats chronically exposed to METH (CEM). For the induction of CE...
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#1Simona Lattanzi (Marche Polytechnic University)H-Index: 29
#2Eugen TrinkaH-Index: 74
Last. Francesco Brigo (University of Verona)H-Index: 37
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Objective To evaluate the potential impact of concomitant clobazam (CLB) use on the efficacy of cannabidiol (CBD) treatment in patients with Dravet syndrome and Lennox-Gastaut syndrome using meta-analytical techniques. Methods We searched for randomized, placebo-controlled, single- or double-blinded trials. The proportion of patients who achieved ≥50% reduction from baseline in seizure frequency during the treatment period was assessed according to CLB status. Risk ratios (RRs) with 95% confiden...
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#1Zacharias Pandelides (University of Mississippi)H-Index: 2
#2Cammi Thornton (University of Mississippi)H-Index: 16
Last. Nicole M. Ashpole (University of Mississippi)H-Index: 23
view all 7 authors...
Increased availability of cannabis and cannabinoid-containing products necessitates the need for an understanding of how these substances influence aging. In this study, zebrafish (Danio rerio) were exposed to different concentrations of THC (0.08, 0.4, 2 muM) during embryonic-larval development and the effects on aging were measured 30 months later and in the offspring of the exposed fish (F1 generation). Exposure to 0.08 muM THC resulted in increased male survival at 30 months of age. As the c...
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#1Elaine C. D. Gonçalves (UFSC: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina)H-Index: 8
#2Gabriela Mantovani Baldasso (UFSC: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina)H-Index: 1
Last. Rafael C. Dutra (UFSC: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina)H-Index: 28
view all 6 authors...
Medicinal use of Cannabis sativa L. has an extensive history and it was essential in the discovery of phytocannabinoids, including the Cannabis major psychoactive compound—Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ9-THC)—as well as the G-protein-coupled cannabinoid receptors (CBR), named cannabinoid receptor type-1 (CB1R) and cannabinoid receptor type-2 (CB2R), both part of the now known endocannabinoid system (ECS). Cannabinoids is a vast term that defines several compounds that have been characterized in thre...
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#1Zacharias Pandelides (University of Mississippi)H-Index: 2
#2Cammi Thornton (University of Mississippi)H-Index: 16
Last. Nicole M. Ashpole (University of Mississippi)H-Index: 23
view all 6 authors...
Consumption of cannabinoid-containing products is on the rise, even during pregnancy. Unfortunately, the long-term, age-related consequences of developmental cannabidiol (CBD) exposure remain largely unknown. This is a critical gap given the established Developmental Origins of Health and Disease (DOHaD) paradigm which emphasizes that stressors, like drug exposure, early in life can instigate molecular and cellular changes that ultimately lead to adverse outcomes later in life. Thus, we exposed ...
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There is growing interest in using cannabinoids for chronic pain. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials to evaluate the analgesic efficacy and adverse effects of cannabinoids for chronic non-cancer pain. PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, Cochrane CENTRAL and clinicaltrials.gov were searched up to December 2018. Information on the type, dosage, route of administration, pain conditions, pain scores, and adverse events were extracted for qualitative analys...
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#1Ewa Kozela (TAU: Tel Aviv University)H-Index: 22
#2Martyna Krawczyk (PAN: Polish Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 9
Last. Piotr Popik (PAN: Polish Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 60
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Cannabidiol (CBD), a non-psychotropic cannabinoid, demonstrates antipsychotic-like and procognitive activities in humans and in animal models of schizophrenia. The mechanisms of these beneficial effects of CBD are unknown. Here, we examined behavioral effects of CBD in a pharmacological model of schizophrenia-like cognitive deficits induced by repeated ketamine (KET) administration. In parallel, we assessed transcriptional changes behind CBD activities in the prefrontal cortex (PFC), the main br...
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#1Damien A. Devault (Agro ParisTech)H-Index: 8
#2Alexandre PeyréH-Index: 2
Last. Sara Karolak (Agro ParisTech)H-Index: 13
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Abstract Illicit drugs consumption can be back-calculated based on the analysis of drug residues in wastewater using the wastewater-based epidemiology method. The Music Day, held on June 21 in France since 1982, has grown to global proportions and is now celebrated as World Music Day. This large outdoor event takes place in many cities with people allowed to play music in the streets. As psychotropic drugs are often associated with music events, the goal of this study is to investigate the use o...
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#1Tara Croft (MSU: Murray State University)H-Index: 1
#2Rhiannon Huffines (MSU: Murray State University)H-Index: 1
Last. Bikram Subedi (MSU: Murray State University)H-Index: 19
view all 4 authors...
Abstract A cost-effective alternative approach capable of determining the prevalence of substance use in communities can complement the existing efforts of combating drug abuse and addiction. In this study, the prevalence of 10 illicit and 19 prescribed psychoactive drugs of potential abuse was determined utilizing wastewater-based epidemiology, and compared in two adjoined urban communities and a rural community. This is the first application of the Monte Carlo simulation method to account mult...
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Within this study, we were interested in the effects of wastewater on the development of antimicrobial resistance. Microorganisms can relatively promptly adapt to evolutionary pressures of the environment, including antibiotics. Therefore, we tested how the adaptability of the model microorganism Salmonella enterica is affected by wastewater full of pharmaceuticals, illicit drugs, and other micropollutants. Wastewater samples had been taken from effluent of hospitals and from wastewater treatmen...
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Cited By1
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#1Hangbiao Jin (Zhejiang University of Technology)H-Index: 15
#2Dan Yang (Zhejiang University of Technology)H-Index: 1
Last. Meirong Zhao (Zhejiang University of Technology)H-Index: 34
view all 4 authors...
Psychoactive substances are ubiquitous in the environment at low concentrations, and tobacco, cannabis, etc. are all widely-existing examples. Given their potent biological activity, psychoactive substances are suspected to be harmful to the environment, and reports of their ecological risks are gradually increasing. Since the 1990s, the investigations into psychoactive substances have made remarkable progress, yet some research fields still need to be modernised. For example, the unification of...
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#1Annia A Martínez-Peña (McMaster University)H-Index: 1
#2Genevieve A. Perono (McMaster University)H-Index: 3
Last. Sandeep Raha (McMaster University)H-Index: 29
view all 9 authors...
Cannabis use during pregnancy has continued to rise, particularly in developed countries, as a result of the trend towards legalization and lack of consistent, evidence-based knowledge on the matter. While there is conflicting data regarding whether cannabis use during pregnancy leads to adverse outcomes such as stillbirth, preterm birth, low birthweight, or increased admission to neonatal intensive care units, investigations into long-term effects on the offspring’s health are limited. Historic...
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