The Gut Virome Database Reveals Age-Dependent Patterns of Virome Diversity in the Human Gut.

Published on Aug 24, 2020in Cell Host & Microbe15.923
· DOI :10.1016/J.CHOM.2020.08.003
Ann C. Gregory14
Estimated H-index: 14
(OSU: Ohio State University),
Olivier Zablocki9
Estimated H-index: 9
(OSU: Ohio State University)
+ 3 AuthorsMatthew B. Sullivan75
Estimated H-index: 75
(OSU: Ohio State University)
The gut microbiome profoundly affects human health and disease, and their infecting viruses are likely as important, but often missed because of reference database limitations. Here, we (1) built a human Gut Virome Database (GVD) from 2,697 viral particle or microbial metagenomes from 1,986 individuals representing 16 countries, (2) assess its effectiveness, and (3) report a meta-analysis that reveals age-dependent patterns across healthy Westerners. The GVD contains 33,242 unique viral populations (approximately species-level taxa) and improves average viral detection rates over viral RefSeq and IMG/VR nearly 182-fold and 2.6-fold, respectively. GVD meta-analyses show highly personalized viromes, reveal that inter-study variability from technical artifacts is larger than any "disease" effect at the population level, and document how viral diversity changes from human infancy into senescence. Together, this compact foundational resource, these standardization guidelines, and these meta-analysis findings provide a systematic toolkit to help maximize our understanding of viral roles in health and disease.
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