Decoding the QCD critical behaviour in A + A collisions

Published on Nov 1, 2020in Nuclear Physics1.695
· DOI :10.1016/J.NUCLPHYSA.2020.122018
N. G. Antoniou18
Estimated H-index: 18
N. Davis14
Estimated H-index: 14
(PAN: Polish Academy of Sciences)
+ 8 AuthorsEfstathios Stiliaris127
Estimated H-index: 127
Abstract In a systematic search for the QCD critical point in nuclear collisions, at the CERN SPS, it was found that intermittency measurements in the freeze-out state of central Si + Si collisions, at the maximum SPS energy, provide us with an indication of sizeable critical fluctuations. Also, rather recently, a weaker effect was traced in preliminary data of the Ar + Sc reaction for 10–20% most central collisions at (approximately) the same energy. However, the uncertainties in the analysis and the limitations of the experimental event statistics make the interpretation of the above measurements (NA49, NA61/SHINE) rather inconclusive, inviting for a further, phenomenological investigation with complementary tools and theoretical ideas. To this end, in the present work, we employ intermittency techniques within a model-independent analysis scheme (AMIAS), a novel method from Data Science [1] , in order to produce unbiased results for the parameters of the power-laws and in particular for the associated power-law exponent (intermittency index) ϕ 2 . Using data-sets at different peripheralities, we also study the dependence of the ϕ 2 -value on the number of wounded nucleons, in order to uncover the approach to the critical point. With these findings and the help of Ising-QCD partition function, the interpretation of SPS intermittency measurements and their links to the critical region, are discussed.
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