New Nanomagnetic Heterogeneous Cobalt Catalyst for the Synthesis of Aryl Nitriles and Biaryls
Published on Jul 22, 2020
· DOI :10.1021/ACSOMEGA.0C01002
Cobalt nanoparticles immobilized on magnetic chitosan (Fe3O4@CS-Co) have been prepared. They were identified using various techniques such as Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, field emission scanning electron microscopy, energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy, thermogravimetric analysis, vibrating sample magnetometry, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy analysis and applied efficiently as a cobalt catalyst in the cyanation and fluoride-/palladium-free Hiyama reactions of different types of aryl halides employing K4[Fe(CN)6]·3H2O and triethoxyphenylsilane, respectively. After each reaction, the catalyst was isolated and reused for the second run. The catalytic activity of the catalyst was not lost apparently even after five runs. No considerable changes in its chemical structure and morphology were observed. It is worth to note that in this paper, the cobalt catalyst has been used for the first time for the cyanation of aryl halides.