Films as source of everyday life and energy use: A case of Indian cinema

Published on Nov 1, 2020in Energy research and social science6.834
· DOI :10.1016/J.ERSS.2020.101655
Minna Sunikka-Blank15
Estimated H-index: 15
(University of Cambridge),
Ronita Bardhan15
Estimated H-index: 15
(University of Cambridge)
+ 2 AuthorsFrançois Penz4
Estimated H-index: 4
(University of Cambridge)
Sources
Abstract
Abstract Drawing from film studies, this paper introduces a new, experimental method to understand domestic practices and energy use in the home. The paper adopts the methodology of the AHRC CineMuseSpace project and applies it in the context of energy studies. A detailed keyword ontology was developed in order to identify practices, technologies and energy use at home. 19 Indian films, based in chawl housing in Mumbai, were analysed. The keyword ontology was then applied to the film fragments extracted in a database. This allowed us to map the presence and use of domestic technologies in film, and where and how everyday practices were performed. The analysis was followed by site observations, and re-watching the films, building on the embodied knowledge from site. We believe there are three points to demonstrate the usefulness of this method. First, it gave us an understanding of actual behavior in homes revealed by films across the time period of four decades. Second, Indian cinema offered a vast library of demonstrations of the architecture and life of chawls in use. Third, movies are not produced in a social vacuum and reflect the values of the social milieu in which they are made, revealing social structures at home. The novelty of the research lies in its methodological approach to using film data as a reflective tool to understand everyday life and energy use at home, highlighting the importance of arts and humanities research in mediating often highly technical approach of energy studies.
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#1Minna Sunikka-Blank (University of Cambridge)H-Index: 15
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Abstract Women's involvement in decision-making in domestic energy remains an under-researched area, especially in the urban context. This research adopts a gendered perspective in exploring slum rehabilitation housing in India. Based on a household survey and a focus group discussion (FGD), women’s household and working practices are explored in interview narratives and systems analysis. The findings show that the relocation to slum rehabilitation housing (SRH) has radically changed women’s hou...
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Abstract This research seeks to address the gap in studies of energy consumption in developing countries from a social science perspective. The research uses Social Practice Theory (SPT) to gain better understanding of homeowners’ practices and resulting electricity demand in middle-class households in Pakistan, with broader implications for other developing countries with similar climatic and socio-material contexts. Drawing on the works of Bourdieu (1984, 1997), Schatzki (2011) and Shove and P...
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Social science related disciplines, methods, concepts, and topics remain underutilized, and perhaps underappreciated, in contemporary energy studies research. To make this case, the article offers both quantitative and qualitative data. It begins with the quantitative part, providing a content analysis of 4444 research articles involving 9549 authors and 90,079 references (from a smaller subsample) published in three leading energy journals from 1999 to 2013. Within this vast sample, only 19.6 p...
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Bioskop Harewos is a cinema in the Bandung, West Java, intended for visually impaired audiences. This research focused on efforts to uncover the existence of Bioskop Harewos for the visually impaired and the model of watching films of visually impaired audiences in Bioskop Harewos. The research method was a qualitative case study using several theories and concepts for alternative media. This research collected various data from cinematographers, cinema managers, and Bioskop Harewos team and aud...
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