Multiwalled carbon nanotube pretreatment to enhance tensile properties, process stability, and filler dispersion of polyamide 66 nanocomposites

Published on Oct 1, 2020in Composites Part B-engineering7.635
· DOI :10.1016/J.COMPOSITESB.2020.108204
Seonku Kang1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Kyung Hee University),
Jongwon Kim6
Estimated H-index: 6
(Kyung Hee University)
+ 2 AuthorsMin Park6
Estimated H-index: 6
(Kyung Hee University)
Source
Abstract
Abstract Multiwalled carbon nanotube-dispersed polyamide 66 nanocomposites (PA66/MWCNTs) were fabricated by melt-mixing pretreated MWCNTs and PA66, and the effects of pretreating techniques and types of pretreating materials were investigated. The non-fluffy method (NFM) and the dry-coating method (DCM) were studied to determine the effects of pretreatment techniques. The tensile properties were enhanced by the NFM. However, the DCM improved the stability of the process, which greatly decreased the coefficient of variation (CV) of the physical properties. To examine the effects of pretreatment materials, an epoxy modifier (bisphenol-F diglycidyl ether; DGEBF), a fluorosurfactant (FSO100), and a silane coupling agent ((3-aminopropyl)triethoxysilane; APTES) were evaluated. Compared with DGEBF, FSO100 and APTES noticeably improved the tensile properties. However, DGEBF provided highly stable physical properties. Furthermore, the relationship between the stability of physical properties and MWCNT dispersion was investigated. Dispersion was quantified in terms of the dispersion ratio, which was determined by Voronoi diagram analysis. The dispersion ratio was inversely correlated with the CVs of the physical properties.
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