Middlesex/punctata Event in the Rhenish Basin (Padberg section, Sauerland, Germany) – Geochemical clues to the early-middle Frasnian perturbation of global carbon cycle

Published on Aug 1, 2020in Global and Planetary Change4.448
· DOI :10.1016/J.GLOPLACHA.2020.103211
Agnieszka Pisarzowska10
Estimated H-index: 10
(University of Silesia in Katowice),
R. Thomas Becker12
Estimated H-index: 12
(WWU: University of Münster)
+ 5 AuthorsGrzegorz Racki32
Estimated H-index: 32
(University of Silesia in Katowice)
Sources
Abstract
Abstract A positive carbon stable isotope excursion of about 3‰ is documented in the topmost lower Frasnian at Padberg, eastern Rhenish Massif, as a muted record of the worldwide early−middle Frasnian isotopic perturbation (punctata Event; up to 6–8‰ shift in both δ13Ccarb and δ13Corg elsewhere), comparable with the Appalachian δ13C curve. This German isotopic signature occurs in a 12 m thick calciturbidite succession and correlates well with the three-step chemostratigraphic pattern known from the Holy Cross Mountains, Poland. It is especially clear in the δ13Corg shifts, whilst δ13Ccarb (and elemental geochemical) proxies are partly biased by post-sedimentary alterations. The New York State, Polish, Nevada and Padberg conodont successions place the onset of the major positive δ13C excursion slightly beneath the early–middle Frasnian boundary, with Ancyrodella nodosa (previously Ad. gigas form 1) as the main conodont guide species, and coincident with the Middlesex Transgression and spread of cold, nutrient-rich, poorly oxygenated water masses. In the light of geochemical proxies, enhanced primary production and oxygen deficiency occurred evidently in the Rhenish Basin during the punctata Event. Moderate Hg enrichments in the early Middlesex/punctata Event interval suggest a volcanic signature. However, conclusive data from other regions are required to differentiate between effects of the regionally well-known synsedimenary magmatism and of a possible global volcanic trigger for the biogeochemical perturbation. Moreover, long-term relationships between the isotopic event and the regional meteorite impact destruction of a carbonate platform, as a potential source of isotopically light carbon should be re-considered.
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