Evolution Laws of Mining-induced Stress in Floor Strata and Its Influence on the Stability of a Floor Roadway Affected by Overhead Mining

Published on Jan 1, 2020in Earth Sciences Research Journal0.779
· DOI :10.15446/ESRJ.V24N1.67925
Pu Wang9
Estimated H-index: 9
(SDUST: Shandong University of Science and Technology),
Lishuai Jiang17
Estimated H-index: 17
(SDUST: Shandong University of Science and Technology)
+ 1 AuthorsAnying Yuan1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Anhui University of Science and Technology)
Sources
Abstract
The study of evolution laws of the mining-induced stress in floor strata affected by overhead mining is extremely important with respect to the stability and support of a floor roadway. Based on the geological conditions of the drainage roadway in the 10 th district in a coalmine, a mechanical model of a working face for overhead mining over the roadway is established, and the laws influencing mining stress on the roadway in different layers are obtained. The evolution of mining stress in floor with different horizontal distances between the working face and the floor roadway that is defined as L D are examined by utilizing UDEC numerical simulation, and the stability of roadway is analyzed. The results of the numerical simulation are verified via on-site tests of the deformation of the surrounding rocks and bolts pull-out from the drainage roadway. The results indicate that the mining stress in floor is high, which decreases slowly within a depth of less than 40 m where the floor roadway is significantly affected. The mining stress in the floor increases gradually, and the effect of the mining on the roadway is particularly evident within 0 m ≤ L D ≤ 40 m. Although the floor roadway is in a stress-relaxed state, the worst stability of the surrounding rocks is observed during the range -20 m ≤ L D < 0 m, in which the negative value indicates that the working face has passed the roadway. The roadway is affected by the recovery of the abutment stress in the goaf when -60 m ≤ L D <20 m, and thus it is important to focus on the strengthening support. The results may provide a scientific basis for establishing a reasonable location and support of roadways under similar conditions.
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Study of movement characteristics of a hard–thick stratum (HTS) affected by a fault in a coalmine is significant to predict the dynamic hazards (i.e., rock bursts and shock bumps) because of the particular structural and mechanical properties of the HTS and the fault. Hence, using UDEC numerical simulation, the movement characteristic of HTS and fault-slipping law with different mining directions towards the fault were studied. Then, two different inducing modes and corresponding mechanisms of r...
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