FungalRoot: global online database of plant mycorrhizal associations.

Published on Aug 1, 2020in New Phytologist10.152
路 DOI :10.1111/NPH.16569
Nadejda A. Soudzilovskaia38
Estimated H-index: 38
(LEI: Leiden University),
Stijn Vaessen4
Estimated H-index: 4
(LEI: Leiden University)
+ 7 AuthorsLeho Tedersoo68
Estimated H-index: 68
(UT: University of Tartu)
Testing of ecological, biogeographic and phylogenetic hypotheses of mycorrhizal traits requires a comprehensive reference data set about plant mycorrhizal associations. Here we present a database, FungalRoot, which summarizes publicly available data about vascular plant mycorrhizal type and intensity of root colonization by mycorrhizal fungi, accompanied with rich meta-data. We compiled and digitized data about plant mycorrhizal colonization in nine wide-spread languages. The present version of the FungalRoot database contains 36,303 species-by-site observations for 14,870 plant species, tripling the previously available compiled information about plant mycorrhizal associations. Based on these data, we provide a recommended list of genus-level plant mycorrhizal associations, based on the majority of data for species and careful analysis of conflicting data. The majority of ectomycorrhizal and ericoid mycorrhizal plants are trees (92%) and shrubs (85%), respectively. The majority of arbuscular and non-mycorrhizal plant species are herbaceous (50% and 70%, respectively). Our publicly available database is a powerful resource for mycorrhizal scientists and ecologists. It features possibilities for dynamic updating and addition of data about plant mycorrhizal associations. The new database will promote research on plant and fungal biogeography and evolution, and on links between above- and belowground biodiversity and ecosystem functioning.
馃摉 Papers frequently viewed together
3 Authors (Leho Tedersoo, ..., Martin Zobel)
#1Laure Schneider-Maunoury (CNRS: Centre national de la recherche scientifique)H-Index: 5
#2Aur茅lie Deveau (University of Lorraine)H-Index: 26
Last. Marc-Andr茅 Selosse (University of Gda艅sk)H-Index: 60
view all 9 authors...
Serendipitous findings and studies on Tuber species suggest that some ectomycorrhizal fungi, beyond their complex interaction with ectomycorrhizal hosts, also colonise roots of nonectomycorrhizal plants in a loose way called endophytism. Here, we investigate endophytism of T. melanosporum and T. aestivum. We visualised endophytic T. melanosporum hyphae by fluorescent in situ hybridisation on nonectomycorrhizal plants. For the two Tuber species, microsatellite genotyping investigated the endophyt...
#1C. Guillermo Bueno (UT: University of Tartu)H-Index: 17
#2Laura Aldrich-Wolfe (NDSU: North Dakota State University)H-Index: 9
Last. Mari Moora (UT: University of Tartu)H-Index: 50
view all 13 authors...
#1Leho Tedersoo (UT: University of Tartu)H-Index: 68
#2Mohammad Bahram (UT: University of Tartu)H-Index: 37
: Mycorrhizal fungi benefit plants by improved mineral nutrition and protection against stress, yet information about fundamental differences among mycorrhizal types in fungi and trees and their relative importance in biogeochemical processes is only beginning to accumulate. We critically review and synthesize the ecophysiological differences in ectomycorrhizal, ericoid mycorrhizal and arbuscular mycorrhizal symbioses and the effect of these mycorrhizal types on soil processes from local to glob...
#1Leho Tedersoo (UT: University of Tartu)H-Index: 68
#2Saleh Rahimlou (UT: University of Tartu)H-Index: 4
Last. Mark Brundrett (UWA: University of Western Australia)H-Index: 46
view all 3 authors...
Based on a long-term field experiment involving 35 tree species, Sun et al. (1) suggest that mycorrhizal types of plants differ in decomposition rates of leaf litter, but not root litter. Although the authors refer to several publications regarding mycorrhizal status of plants and claim to have performed their own observations, we contest that they have misallocated the mycorrhizal type in many of the woody plants, a fundamental mistake that may invalidate their findings. In particular, we are c...
#1Tao Sun (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 13
#2Hongguang Zhang (NEFU: Northeast Forestry University)H-Index: 3
Last. Zhengwen Wang (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 21
view all 3 authors...
There are two main methods used to assign plant mycorrhizal type to plant species: empirical vs. phylogenetic鈥搕axonomic (hereafter taxonomic) methods (1). The empirical method uses only available collated empirical data based on direct observation of mycorrhizal type, while the taxonomic approach extrapolates plant mycorrhizal traits to complete taxonomic groups, such as at the genus or family level, based on information about mycorrhizal type from relatives from the same group. In Sun et al. (2...
#1Mark Brundrett (UWA: University of Western Australia)H-Index: 46
#2Leho Tedersoo (AMNH: American Museum of Natural History)H-Index: 68
We draw attention to a worrying trend for the uncritical use of 鈥榬ecycled鈥 mycorrhizal data to compile host species lists that include obvious errors or undertake risky analyses that correlate mycorrhizal colonisation levels with environmental or physiological factors despite inherent limitations in datasets. We are not suggesting that all meta鈥恠tudies are wrong, only that more care should be taken to resolve what can safely be done with recycled mycorrhizal data in the future. We also recommend...
#1Mark Brundrett (UWA: University of Western Australia)H-Index: 46
#2Leho Tedersoo (AMNH: American Museum of Natural History)H-Index: 68
: Contents Summary 1108 I. Introduction 1108 II. Mycorrhizal plant diversity at global and local scales 1108 III. Mycorrhizal evolution in plants: a brief update 1111 IV. Conclusions and perspectives 1114 References 1114 SUMMARY: The majority of vascular plants are mycorrhizal: 72% are arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM), 2.0% are ectomycorrhizal (EcM), 1.5% are ericoid mycorrhizal and 10% are orchid mycorrhizal. Just 8% are completely nonmycorrhizal (NM), whereas 7% have inconsistent NM-AM associations...
#1Jason D. Hoeksema (University of Mississippi)H-Index: 22
#2James D. Bever (KU: University of Kansas)H-Index: 72
Last. Peter C. Zee (University of Mississippi)H-Index: 11
view all 21 authors...
Most plants engage in symbioses with mycorrhizal fungi in soils and net consequences for plants vary widely from mutualism to parasitism. However, we lack a synthetic understanding of the evolutionary and ecological forces driving such variation for this or any other nutritional symbiosis. We used meta-analysis across 646 combinations of plants and fungi to show that evolutionary history explains substantially more variation in plant responses to mycorrhizal fungi than the ecological factors inc...
#1Tatiana G. Elumeeva (MSU: Moscow State University)H-Index: 7
#2Vladimir G. Onipchenko (MSU: Moscow State University)H-Index: 28
Last. Nadejda A. Soudzilovskaia (LEI: Leiden University)H-Index: 38
view all 8 authors...
QuestionsMycorrhizae may be a key element of plant nutritional strategies and of carbon and nutrient cycling. Recent research suggests that in natural conditions, intensity of mycorrhizal colonizat ...
#1Gijsbert D. A. Werner (University of Oxford)H-Index: 13
#2Johannes H. C. Cornelissen (VU: VU University Amsterdam)H-Index: 86
Last. E. Toby Kiers (VU: VU University Amsterdam)H-Index: 44
view all 7 authors...
Cooperative interactions among species, termed mutualisms, have played a crucial role in the evolution of life on Earth. However, despite key potential benefits to partners, there are many cases in which two species cease to cooperate and mutualisms break down. What factors drive the evolutionary breakdown of mutualism? We examined the pathways toward breakdowns of the mutualism between plants and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. By using a comparative approach, we identify 鈭25 independent cases of...
Cited By47
#1Lili Zhao (Hebei University)H-Index: 2
#2Kaixun Zhang (Hebei University)
Last. Xueli He (Hebei University)H-Index: 3
view all 4 authors...
Abstract null null Relict plants, remnants of Tertiary flora, survived geochronological ages, however, studies intended to ascertain the background of their fungal symbionts are limited. Different from many other relict plants, Gymnocarpos przewalskii Maxim. inhabits arid deserts region, mainly distributed in northwest China. In order to inquire the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) associated to G. przewalskii and their ecological significance in desert ecosystems, the seasonal dynamics of AMF...
#1Adam Frew (CSU: Charles Sturt University)H-Index: 13
Abstract null null Most terrestrial plants form associations with arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi, which are soil-dwelling microbial symbionts that provide plants with soil nutrients, while plants supply the fungi with carbon. The majority of these plants are also subject to herbivory from insects, thus tripartite interactions between insect herbivores, plants, and AM fungi are ubiquitous. This study assessed how aboveground herbivory from a generalist insect herbivore (Helicoverpa punctigera)...
#1Bitao Liu (Shanxi Agricultural University)H-Index: 2
#2Fei Han (Shanxi Agricultural University)
Last. Zed Rengel (UWA: University of Western Australia)H-Index: 83
view all 5 authors...
Nutrient type and plant functional group are both important in influencing proliferation of roots or hyphae and their benefit to plant growth in nutritionally heterogeneous environments. However, the studies quantifying relative importance of roots vs. hyphae affecting the plant response to nutrient heterogeneity are lacking. Here, we used meta-analysis based on 791 observations from 56 published studies to evaluate response patterns of seven variables related to growth and morphological traits ...
#1Cecilia M. Prada (UIUC: University of Illinois at Urbana鈥揅hampaign)H-Index: 3
#2Benjamin L. Turner (UF: University of Florida)H-Index: 91
Last. James W. Dalling (STRI: Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute)H-Index: 51
view all 3 authors...
#2Lo茂c Pag猫sH-Index: 42
Last. Johannes A. PostmaH-Index: 23
view all 40 authors...
In the context of a recent massive increase into research on plant root functions and their impact on the environment, root ecologists currently face many important challenges to keep on producing cutting edge, meaningful and integrated knowledge. Consideration of the belowground components in plant and ecosystem studies has been consistently called for in recent decades, but methodology is disparate and sometimes inappropriate. This handbook, based on the collective effort of a large team of ex...
#1Gr茅goire T. Freschet (CNRS: Centre national de la recherche scientifique)H-Index: 31
#2Catherine RoumetH-Index: 42
Last. Alexia Stokes (University of Montpellier)H-Index: 53
view all 36 authors...
The effects of plants on the biosphere, atmosphere, and geosphere are key determinants of terrestrial ecosystem functioning. However, despite substantial progress made regarding plant belowground components, we are still only beginning to explore the complex relationships between root traits and functions. Drawing on literature in plant physiology, ecophysiology, ecology, agronomy and soil science, we review 24 aspects of plant and ecosystem functioning and their relationships with a number of t...
#1Haidong XuH-Index: 14
#2Biao Zhu (PKU: Peking University)H-Index: 31
Last. Xiangrong ChengH-Index: 3
view all 5 authors...
Abstract null null Plants can be classified as either resource-acquisitive or resource-conservative strategies based on their root traits. Compared with conservative trees, acquisitive trees produce larger amounts of readily decomposable carbon, owing to their high specific root length and low root C:N ratio, which could reduce the content and stability of soil organic carbon (SOC). In this study, we assessed the content of labile particulate organic carbon (POC) and stable mineral-associated or...
#1Adam Frew (University of Southern Queensland)H-Index: 13
#2Pedro M. Antunes (Algoma University)H-Index: 28
Last. Alison E. Bennett (OSU: Ohio State University)H-Index: 24
view all 7 authors...
The symbiosis between arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi, subphylum Glomeromycotina, and terrestrial plants is one of the most widespread and arguably most successful plant symbioses on Earth. This ancient relationship, going back 475 MY (Remy et al., 1994; Redecker & Raab, 2006; Field et al., 2015; Rich et al., 2021) is beneficial for the fungi and normally benefits their plant partners. Through colonisation of plant roots, the fungi provide their host plants with access to soil elements includi...
#1Margaux BoeraeveH-Index: 5
Last. Hans JacquemynH-Index: 65
view all 5 authors...
About 90% of all land plants form mycorrhiza to facilitate the acquisition of essential nutrients such as phosphorus, nitrogen, and sometimes carbon. Based on the morphology of the interaction and the identity of the interacting plants and fungi, four major mycorrhizal types have been distinguished: arbuscular mycorrhiza (AM), ectomycorrhizal (EcM), ericoid mycorrhiza, and orchid mycorrhiza. Although most plants are assumed to form only one type of mycorrhiza, some species simultaneously form as...
#1Guigang Lin (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)
#2Matthew E. Craig (ORNL: Oak Ridge National Laboratory)H-Index: 8
view all 7 authors...
This website uses cookies.
We use cookies to improve your online experience. By continuing to use our website we assume you agree to the placement of these cookies.
To learn more, you can find in our Privacy Policy.