FungalRoot: global online database of plant mycorrhizal associations.

Published on Aug 1, 2020in New Phytologist10.152
路 DOI :10.1111/NPH.16569
Nadejda A. Soudzilovskaia38
Estimated H-index: 38
(LEI: Leiden University),
Stijn Vaessen4
Estimated H-index: 4
(LEI: Leiden University)
+ 7 AuthorsLeho Tedersoo68
Estimated H-index: 68
(UT: University of Tartu)
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Abstract
Testing of ecological, biogeographic and phylogenetic hypotheses of mycorrhizal traits requires a comprehensive reference data set about plant mycorrhizal associations. Here we present a database, FungalRoot, which summarizes publicly available data about vascular plant mycorrhizal type and intensity of root colonization by mycorrhizal fungi, accompanied with rich meta-data. We compiled and digitized data about plant mycorrhizal colonization in nine wide-spread languages. The present version of the FungalRoot database contains 36,303 species-by-site observations for 14,870 plant species, tripling the previously available compiled information about plant mycorrhizal associations. Based on these data, we provide a recommended list of genus-level plant mycorrhizal associations, based on the majority of data for species and careful analysis of conflicting data. The majority of ectomycorrhizal and ericoid mycorrhizal plants are trees (92%) and shrubs (85%), respectively. The majority of arbuscular and non-mycorrhizal plant species are herbaceous (50% and 70%, respectively). Our publicly available database is a powerful resource for mycorrhizal scientists and ecologists. It features possibilities for dynamic updating and addition of data about plant mycorrhizal associations. The new database will promote research on plant and fungal biogeography and evolution, and on links between above- and belowground biodiversity and ecosystem functioning.
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