Inhibitory Effect and Mechanism of Action of Quercetin and Quercetin Diels-Alder anti-Dimer on Erastin-Induced Ferroptosis in Bone Marrow-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells

Published on Mar 2, 2020in Antioxidants5.014
· DOI :10.3390/ANTIOX9030205
Xican Li19
Estimated H-index: 19
(Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine),
Jingyuan Zeng1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine)
+ 5 AuthorsDongfeng Chen22
Estimated H-index: 22
(Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine)
In this study, the anti-ferroptosis effects of catecholic flavonol quercetin and its metabolite quercetin Diels-Alder anti-dimer (QDAD) were studied using an erastin-treated bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cell (bmMSCs) model. Quercetin exhibited higher anti-ferroptosis levels than QDAD, as indicated by 4,4-difluoro-5-(4-phenyl-1,3-butadienyl)-4-bora-3a,4a-diaza-s-indacene-3-undecanoic acid (C11-BODIPY), 2′,7′-dichlorodihydrofluoroscein diacetate (H2DCFDA), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release, cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8), and flow cytometric assays. To understand the possible pathways involved, the reaction product of quercetin with the 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl radical (DPPH●) was measured using ultra-performance liquid-chromatography coupled with electrospray-ionization quadrupole time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-ESI-Q-TOF-MS). Quercetin was found to produce the same clusters of molecular ion peaks and fragments as standard QDAD. Furthermore, the antioxidant effects of quercetin and QDAD were compared by determining their 2-phenyl-4,4,5,5-tetramethylimidazoline-1-oxyl-3-oxide radical-scavenging, Cu2+-reducing, Fe3+-reducing, lipid peroxidation-scavenging, and DPPH●-scavenging activities. Quercetin consistently showed lower IC50 values than QDAD. These findings indicate that quercetin and QDAD can protect bmMSCs from erastin-induced ferroptosis, possibly through the antioxidant pathway. The antioxidant pathway can convert quercetin into QDAD—an inferior ferroptosis-inhibitor and antioxidant. The weakening has highlighted a rule for predicting the relative anti-ferroptosis and antioxidant effects of catecholic flavonols and their Diels-Alder dimer metabolites.
Figures & Tables
📖 Papers frequently viewed together
121 Citations
23 Citations
40 Citations
#1Jie Liu (Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine)H-Index: 3
#2Xican Li (Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine)H-Index: 19
Last. Dongfeng Chen (Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine)H-Index: 22
view all 7 authors...
To elucidate the mechanism of anti-ferroptosis and examine structural optimization in natural phenolics, cellular and chemical assays were performed with 2′-hydroxy chalcone butein and dihydroflavone (S)-butin. C11-BODIPY staining and flow cytometric assays suggest that butein more effectively inhibits ferroptosis in erastin-treated bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells than (S)-butin. Butein also exhibited higher antioxidant percentages than (S)-butin in five antioxidant assays: linoleic a...
10 CitationsSource
#1Sun-Il Choi (Kangwon National University)H-Index: 6
#2Jong Seok LeeH-Index: 15
Last. Ok-Hwan Lee (Kangwon National University)H-Index: 26
view all 6 authors...
Endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) disrupt the physiological metabolism, thus playing an important role in the development of obesity. EDCs, the so-called ‘obesogens’, might predispose some individuals to gain weight. This study investigated the effects of bisphenol A (BPA) and its alternatives (BPS and BPF) on adipocyte differentiation and the effects of the leaves of Potentilla rugulosa Nakai extract (LPE) as a functional food ingredient on obesogen-induced lipid production and adipogenesis...
4 CitationsSource
#1Biao Huang (CUHK: The Chinese University of Hong Kong)H-Index: 6
#2Bin Wang (CUHK: The Chinese University of Hong Kong)H-Index: 13
Last. Xiaohua Jiang (CUHK: The Chinese University of Hong Kong)H-Index: 31
view all 15 authors...
Summary Epigenomic change s and stem cell deterioration are two hallmarks of aging. Accumulating evidence suggest that senescence of mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) perpetuates aging or age-related diseases. Here we report that two H3K9 demethylases KDM3A and KDM4C regulate heterochromatin reorganization via transcriptionally activating condensin components NCAPD2 and NCAPG2 during MSC senescence. Suppression of KDM3A or KDM4C by either genetic or biochemical approach leads to robust DNA damage...
18 CitationsSource
#1Alexia Belavgeni (TUD: Dresden University of Technology)H-Index: 6
#2Stefan R. BornsteinH-Index: 105
Last. Andreas Linkermann (TUD: Dresden University of Technology)H-Index: 50
view all 17 authors...
Adrenocortical carcinomas (ACCs) are rare and highly malignant cancers associated with poor survival of patients. Currently, mitotane, a nonspecific derivative of the pesticide DDT (1,1-(dichlorobiphenyl)-2,2-dichloroethane), is used as the standard treatment, but its mechanism of action in ACCs remains elusive. Here we demonstrate that the human ACC NCI-H295R cell line is remarkably sensitive to induction of ferroptosis, while mitotane does not induce this iron-dependent mode of regulated necro...
32 CitationsSource
#1Eun Suh Kim (Hanyang University)H-Index: 8
#2Da Young Kim (Hanyang University)H-Index: 1
Last. Hyeon Gyu Lee (Hanyang University)H-Index: 36
view all 4 authors...
Quercetin (QUE)-loaded nanoparticles (QCG-NPs) were fabricated by ionic gelation between chitosan (CS) and gum arabic (GA) at pH 3.5. At constant CS (0.5 mg/mL) and QUE (60 μM) concentrations, QCG-NPs (260–490 nm) were prepared uniformly with 0.8–2.2 mg/mL GA and exhibited high QUE encapsulation efficiency (94.8–98.0%) and sustained QUE release (4.42–8.89% after 8 h). Because of the electrostatic interaction between QCG-NPs and the mucin layer, in vitro mucin and cell adhesion of QUE were signif...
8 CitationsSource
#1Xican LiH-Index: 19
#2Xiaojian OuyangH-Index: 5
Last. Dongfeng Chen (Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine)H-Index: 22
view all 4 authors...
The biological process, 3-O-galactosylation, is important in plant cells. To understand the mechanism of the reduction of flavonol antioxidative activity by 3-O-galactosylation, myricetin-3-O-galactoside (M3OGa) and myricetin aglycone were each incubated with 2 mol α,α-diphenyl-β-picrylhydrazyl radical (DPPH•) and subsequently comparatively analyzed for radical adduct formation (RAF) products using ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled with electrospray ionization quadrupole time-of-fl...
9 CitationsSource
#1Jiao Wu (Fourth Military Medical University)H-Index: 12
#1Jiao Wu (Fourth Military Medical University)H-Index: 2
Last. Xuejun Jiang (MSK: Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center)H-Index: 63
view all 8 authors...
Ferroptosis, a cell death process driven by cellular metabolism and iron-dependent lipid peroxidation, has been implicated in diseases such as ischaemic organ damage and cancer1,2. The enzyme glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPX4) is a central regulator of ferroptosis, and protects cells by neutralizing lipid peroxides, which are by-products of cellular metabolism. The direct inhibition of GPX4, or indirect inhibition by depletion of its substrate glutathione or the building blocks of glutathione (such...
148 CitationsSource
#1Yue Gong (Binzhou University)H-Index: 1
#2Nan Wang (Binzhou University)H-Index: 2
Last. Hongliang Dong (Binzhou University)H-Index: 2
view all 4 authors...
Ferroptosis is a new form of regulated cell death. Fibroblast-to-myofibroblast differentiation is known to be involved in the pathogenesis of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. Utilizing HFL1 cell line...
14 CitationsSource
: Catechol oxidases (COs) and tyrosinases (TYRs) are both polyphenol oxidases (PPOs) that catalyze the oxidation of ortho-diphenols to the corresponding quinones. By the official classification, only TYRs can also catalyze the hydroxylation of monophenols to ortho-diphenols. Researchers have been trying to find the molecular reason for the mono-/diphenolase specificity for decades. However, the hypotheses for the lack of monophenolase activity of plant COs are only based on crystal structures so...
11 CitationsSource
#1M.A. Artyukhova (MSMU: I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University)H-Index: 1
#2Y.Y. Tyurina (University of Pittsburgh)H-Index: 15
Last. Peter S. Timashev (MSMU: I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University)H-Index: 17
view all 7 authors...
Abstract Loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra is one of the pathogenic hallmarks of Parkinson's disease, yet the underlying molecular mechanisms remain enigmatic. While aberrant redox metabolism strongly associated with iron dysregulation and accumulation of dysfunctional mitochondria is considered as one of the major contributors to neurodegeneration and death of dopaminergic cells, the specific anomalies in the molecular machinery and pathways leading to the PD development and ...
10 CitationsSource
Cited By12
#1Zhe Chen (University of South China)H-Index: 8
#2Jinyong Jiang (University of South China)H-Index: 4
Last. Linxi Chen (University of South China)H-Index: 25
view all 0 authors...
Ferroptosis is an iron-dependent cell death pathway and paticipants in various diseases. Current evidences suggest that ferroptosis can obviously affect the function of blood cells. This paper aims to elaborate the role of ferroptosis in blood cells and related diseases. Firstly, abnormal ferroptosis damages the developing red blood cells by breaking systemic iron homeostasis, leading to erythropoiesis suppression and anemia. Ferroptosis mediates neutrophils recruitment and neutrophil extracellu...
#2Yangping LiuH-Index: 2
Last. Xican LiH-Index: 19
view all 9 authors...
The search for a safe and effective inhibitor of ferroptosis, a recently described cell death pathway, has attracted increasing interest from scientists. Two hydrolyzable tannins, chebulagic acid and chebulinic acid, were selected for the study. Their optimized conformations were calculated using computational chemistry at the B3LYP-D3(BJ)/6-31G and B3LYP-D3(BJ)/6-311 + G(d,p) levels. The results suggested that (1) chebulagic acid presented a chair conformation, while chebulinic acid presented a...
#1Haoxuan Ding (ZJU: Zhejiang University)H-Index: 3
#2Lingjun Chen (ZJU: Zhejiang University)H-Index: 3
Last. Jie Feng (ZJU: Zhejiang University)H-Index: 14
view all 6 authors...
Hemochromatosis is an iron overload disease, which lacks nutritional intervention strategies. This study explored the protective effect of quercetin on hemochromatosis and its possible mechanism through network pharmacology. We used Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) to screen the disease targets of hemochromatosis, and further constructed a potential protein interaction network through STITCH. The above-mentioned targets revealed by Gene enrichment analysis have played an significant ro...
#1Kai Zheng (SZU: Shenzhen University)H-Index: 61
#2Yun Dong (SZU: Shenzhen University)H-Index: 1
Last. Zhendan He (SZU: Shenzhen University)H-Index: 19
view all 6 authors...
Ferroptosis is an iron- and lipotoxicity-dependent regulated cell death that has been implicated in various diseases, such as cancer, neurodegeneration and stroke. The biosynthesis of phospholipids, coenzyme Q10, and glutathione, and the metabolism of iron, amino acids and polyunsaturated fatty acid, are tightly associated with cellular sensitivity to ferroptosis. Up to now, only limited drugs targeting ferroptosis have been documented and exploring novel effective ferroptosis-modulating compoun...
2 CitationsSource
The antioxidant capacity (AC) and antioxidant activity (AA) of three flavonols (FLV), aglycones and their glycosylated derivatives were evaluated using 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and 2,2′-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS) assays in various solvents. Findings confirmed that the glycosylation at the 3-position (3-glycosylation) always decreased the AC under most conditions due to substitution of the 3-position hydroxyl group and glycoside disruption in the molecula...
1 CitationsSource
#1Ban ChenH-Index: 8
#2Xican Li (Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine)H-Index: 9
Last. Dongfeng ChenH-Index: 22
view all 6 authors...
Synthetic arylamines and dietary phytophenolics could inhibit ferroptosis, a recently discovered regulated cell death process. However, no study indicates whether their inhibitory mechanisms are inherently different. Herein, the ferroptosis-inhibitory mechanisms of selected ferrostatin-1 (Fer-1) and two dietary stilbenes (piceatannol and astringin) were compared. Cellular assays suggested that the ferroptosis-inhibitory and electron-transfer potential levels decreased as follows: Fer-1 >> piceat...
#1Ban Chen (Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine)H-Index: 8
#2Xican Li (Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine)H-Index: 19
Last. Dongfeng Chen (Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine)H-Index: 22
view all 7 authors...
The search for safe and effective ferroptosis-inhibitors has become an important topic. Geraniin, an ellagitannin bearing hexahydroxydiphenoyl (HHDP) and dehydrohexahydroxydiphenoyl (DHHDP) groups, was observed to inhibit erastin-induced ferroptosis in bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (bmMSCs). To determine the mechanism, geraniin was further analyzed using UV-vis spectra and several colorimetric assays, where its IC50 values were always much lower than that of the Trolox positive cont...
1 CitationsSource
#1Yue Wang (CPU: China Pharmaceutical University)H-Index: 4
#2Fei Quan (CPU: China Pharmaceutical University)H-Index: 4
Last. Xinghua Gao (CPU: China Pharmaceutical University)H-Index: 7
view all 12 authors...
Abstract Ferroptosis is an iron-dependent regulated necrosis and has been proven to contribute to the progress of acute kidney injury (AKI). We discovered that quercetin (QCT), a natural flavonoid, inhibited ferroptosis in renal proximal tubular epithelial cells. QCT blocked the typical morphologic changes of ferroptotic cells by reducing the levels of malondialdehyde (MDA) and lipid ROS and increasing the levels of glutathione (GSH). Moreover, QCT ameliorated AKI induced by ischemia–reperfusion...
15 CitationsSource
#1Shokoh Parham (IUMS: Isfahan University of Medical Sciences)H-Index: 6
#2Anousheh Zargar Kharazi (IUMS: Isfahan University of Medical Sciences)H-Index: 7
Last. Filippo Berto (NTNU: Norwegian University of Science and Technology)H-Index: 68
view all 8 authors...
Recently, increasing public concern about hygiene has been driving many studies to investigate antimicrobial and antiviral agents. However, the use of any antimicrobial agents must be limited due to their possible toxic or harmful effects. In recent years, due to previous antibiotics' lesser side effects, the use of herbal materials instead of synthetic or chemical drugs is increasing. Herbal materials are found in medicines. Herbs can be used in the form of plant extracts or as their active com...
7 CitationsSource