Impact of Postprandial Hypoglycemia on Weight Loss After Bariatric Surgery.

Published on Mar 4, 2020in Obesity Surgery3.412
· DOI :10.1007/S11695-020-04465-9
Eleni Rebelos11
Estimated H-index: 11
(UniPi: University of Pisa),
Diego Moriconi6
Estimated H-index: 6
(UniPi: University of Pisa)
+ 7 AuthorsMonica Nannipieri30
Estimated H-index: 30
(UniPi: University of Pisa)
Sources
Abstract
Postprandial hypoglycemia (PPHG) is a well-known complication after bariatric surgery (BS). However, it is not known whether PPHG affects weight loss after BS. To assess the impact of PPHG on weight loss after BS in subjects without and with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D). Data from 338 subjects who had undergone gastric bypass (RYGB) or sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) and were followed up for at least 2 years were analyzed. At each follow-up visit, the patient’s anthropometric and biochemical characteristics were recorded and the Edinburgh Questionnaire was performed to evaluate the presence of PPHG symptoms. Before surgery: younger age and lower BMI predicted PPHG after BS (p = 0.02 and p = 0.0008, respectively). Also, the baseline OGTT indicated that subjects who developed PPHG had an earlier glucose peak and more often had low glucose levels at 2 h compared with the no-PPHG group (p = 0.03 and p = 0.004, respectively). After surgery: Mild-to-moderate PPHG occurred equally after RYGB and LSG (38% vs 25%, p = ns when accounting for confounders), and in T2D who achieved remission and those who did not (29.5% vs 28.6%, ns). At the 2-year follow-up, occurrence of PPHG was independently associated with smaller weight loss (p = 0.0006). Mild-to-moderate PPHG is a frequent complication after bariatric surgery and results in smaller weight loss after 2 years. Age, baseline BMI, and an earlier glucose peak during OGTT predict PPHG after bariatric surgery.
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Aims/hypothesis Postprandial hypoglycaemia (PPHG) is a complication of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery in normoglycaemic individuals. In type 2 diabetes, RYGB improves glucose metabolism, but whether this improvement is related to the later development of PPHG is not known. We investigated the presence and mechanisms of PPHG in individuals with type 2 diabetes undergoing RYGB.
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Background Bariatric surgery may lead to symptomatic postprandial hypoglycaemia as a major side effect without established therapy so far. We aimed to develop an evidence-based study design of a clinical trial that tests treatment options and can provide useful patient-relevant evidence. Methods We searched systematically for guidance of core outcome sets to determine the most relevant types of outcomes and duration of such a trial. Our search comprised literature databases, a database of core o...
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Obesity and obesity-related diseases are major public health concerns that have been exponentially growing in the last decades. Bariatric surgery is an effective long-term treatment to achieve weight loss and obesity comorbidity remission. Post-bariatric hypoglycemia (PBH) is a late complication of bariatric surgery most commonly reported after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). PBH is the end result of postprandial hyperinsulinemia but additional endocrine mechanisms involved are still under deba...
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Context Post-bariatric hypoglycemia (PBH) is an increasingly encountered complication of upper gastrointestinal surgery; the prevalence of this condition is anticipated to rise given yearly increases in bariatric surgical procedures. While PBH is incompletely understood, there is a growing body of research describing the associated factors, mechanisms, and treatment approaches for this condition. Evidence acquisition Data are integrated and summarized from studies of individuals affected by PBH ...
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