Effect of tantalum on the tensile properties of 12%Cr martensitic steels for steam blades

Published on Nov 19, 2019
· DOI :10.1063/1.5131965
Alexandra Fedoseeva10
Estimated H-index: 10
,
Ivan Nikitin2
Estimated H-index: 2
+ 2 AuthorsRustam Kaibyshev58
Estimated H-index: 58
Source
Abstract
Co-modified 12%Cr martensitic steels are perspective materials for steam blades for fossil power plants which are able to work at ultra-supercritical parameters of steam (T=620-650°C, P=25-30 MPa). The microstructure and mechanical properties of two Ta-containing and Ta-free Co-modified 12%Cr martensitic steels subjected to the normalizing at 1050-1070°C and tempering at different temperatures ranging from 750 to 800 °C were studied. After normalizing at 1050-1070°C, the average size of prior austenite grains was 50 ±5 µm; the fraction of δ-ferrite was less than 10%. The tempering temperature strongly affected the tempered martensite/ferrite lath structure in both steels: the lath width increased from 290±30 to 690±50 nm and dislocation density decreased from to 3×1014 to 1.5×1014 m−2 when tempering temperature increased from 750 to 800°C. The addition of Ta in the 12%Cr-3%Co steel provided the precipitation of Ta-rich MX carbonitrides after heat treatment. The tensile tests were carried out at 20°C and 650°C with a strain rate of 2×10−3 s−1. Insignificant increment in ultimate tensile strength and yield strength was revealed in Ta-containing 12%Cr steel.Co-modified 12%Cr martensitic steels are perspective materials for steam blades for fossil power plants which are able to work at ultra-supercritical parameters of steam (T=620-650°C, P=25-30 MPa). The microstructure and mechanical properties of two Ta-containing and Ta-free Co-modified 12%Cr martensitic steels subjected to the normalizing at 1050-1070°C and tempering at different temperatures ranging from 750 to 800 °C were studied. After normalizing at 1050-1070°C, the average size of prior austenite grains was 50 ±5 µm; the fraction of δ-ferrite was less than 10%. The tempering temperature strongly affected the tempered martensite/ferrite lath structure in both steels: the lath width increased from 290±30 to 690±50 nm and dislocation density decreased from to 3×1014 to 1.5×1014 m−2 when tempering temperature increased from 750 to 800°C. The addition of Ta in the 12%Cr-3%Co steel provided the precipitation of Ta-rich MX carbonitrides after heat treatment. The tensile tests were carried out at 20°C and 6...
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