Methotrexate-related lymphoproliferative disorders in the liver: Case presentation and mini-review.

Published on Nov 6, 2019in World Journal of Clinical Cases1.013
· DOI :10.12998/WJCC.V7.I21.3553
Takeshi Mizusawa2
Estimated H-index: 2
,
Kenya Kamimura20
Estimated H-index: 20
(Niigata University)
+ 15 AuthorsShuji Terai34
Estimated H-index: 34
(Niigata University)
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Abstract
Methotrexate-related lymphoproliferative disorders in the liver: Case presentation and mini-review
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Abstract Introduction Recently, immunosuppressant-associated malignant lymphoma (ML) cases have been increasing along with the development of several effective immunosuppressant drugs for rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Among methotrexate (MTX)-associated lymphoproliferative disorders, primary hepatic lymphoma (PHL) in patients with RA following surgical resection has not been reported previously. Presentation of case A 65-year-old woman who is a hepatitis B virus carrier with a history of RA was adm...
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Patients receiving methotrexate (MTX) for the treatment of autoimmune disease are at a high risk of developing lymphoproliferative disorders (LPD), the so-called methotrexate-associated lymphoproliferative disorders (MTX-LPD). We recently performed abdominal ultrasonography (US) in a patient with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) who had developed hepatic dysfunction during the course of MTX therapy; the examination revealed multiple well-demarcated hepatic tumors with slightly irregular borders, the la...
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Primary hepatic lymphoma (PHL) is an extremely rare disease, frequently associated with viruses such as hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), and human immune deficiency virus (HIV). On the other hand, an increased risk of lymphoproliferative disorders (LPD) has been demonstrated in patients treated with immunosuppressive drugs such as methotrexate (MTX) for rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The role of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) has been discussed in the pathogenesis of the immunodeficiency-...
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: A 56-year-old woman with rheumatoid arthritis treated with methotrexate (MTX) was admitted to our hospital due to multiple liver tumors. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) revealed multiple hypovascular masses, and 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography CT showed diffuse abnormal accumulation in the liver only. We therefore made a diagnosis of MTX-related primary hepatic lymphoma (MTX-PHL) exhibiting features of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. Although MTX has been reported...
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Methotrexate (MTX) is currently the most frequently used drugs in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The drug had been synthesized in 1948 and first tests to treat patients with psoriasis and RA were published in 1951. However, until the 1980s there was only limited use of MTX in the treatment of RA. Since the 1990s MTX is the disease-modifying antirheumatic drug (DMARD) of first choice for the treatment of RA in most countries worldwide. By definition, DMARDs in RA are those compounds ...
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Methotrexate-related lymphoproliferative disorder (MTX-LPD) is known to be a side effect of MTX, but its involvement in the liver has been rarely reported. We herein report a 70-year-old woman with autoimmune hepatitis and rheumatoid arthritis who developed multiple liver tumors. We initially considered that she had developed rapid-growing HCC in the cirrhotic liver based on imaging tests. A tumor biopsy and transcatheter arterial chemoembolization were thus performed. The tumors were then diagn...
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