Structural evaluation of preperimetric and perimetric glaucoma.

Published on Nov 1, 2019in Indian Journal of Ophthalmology1.848
· DOI :10.4103/IJO.IJO_1955_18
Gunjan Deshpande2
Estimated H-index: 2
,
Ramni Gupta103
Estimated H-index: 103
+ 2 AuthorsMoumita Chakarborty1
Estimated H-index: 1
Sources
Abstract
Purpose: To evaluate diagnostic ability of macular ganglion cell layer–inner plexiform layer (GCL-IPL) for detection of preperimetric glaucoma (PPG) and perimetric glaucoma and comparison with peripapillary RNFL. Methods: Three hundred and thirty seven eyes of 190 patients were enrolled (127 normals, 70 PPG, 140 perimetric glaucoma). Each patient underwent detailed ocular evaluation, standard automated perimetry, and spectral domain optical coherence tomography. Diagnostic abilities of GCL-IPL and RNFL parameters were determined. Data were compared using one-way analysis of variance, Pearson's Chi-square test, and area under the curve (AUC). Results: After adjusting for age, gender, and signal strength, all GCL-IPL and RNFL parameters except mean thickness and disc area differed significantly. Among GCL-IPL thicknesses, inferotemporal had the highest AUC (0.865) for classifying perimetric glaucoma from normals, inferior (0.746) for PPG from normals, and inferotemporal (0.750) for perimetric glaucoma from PPG. When using RNFL, inferior thickness had the highest AUC (0.922) in discriminating POAG from normal, while the same parameter had lower AUC (0.813) in discriminating PPG from normal. The average thickness had maximum AUC (0.775) for discriminating POAG from PPG. For discriminating perimetric glaucoma and normals, inferotemporal GCL-IPL had the highest strength (sensitivity 81.43% and specificity 77.96%), slightly lower than inferior RNFL thickness (sensitivity 87.85% and specificity 84.26%). The same parameters were sensitive in discriminating perimetric glaucoma from PPG (87.14% and 92.85%, respectively). However, their specificities were poor (56.43% both). Conclusion: RNFL had better diagnostic ability, when compared with GCL-IPL for detecting PPG and perimetric glaucoma. However, difference was small and may not be clinically relevant.
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PURPOSE: To compare the diagnostic accuracy of minimum rim width (MRW), peripapillary retinal nerve fibre layer (pRNFL) and multilayered macular analysis by Spectralis SD-OCT (Heidelberg Engineering, Germany) in discriminating perimetric glaucoma at different stages of the disease from healthy eyes. METHODS: In this multicentre, prospective, evaluation of diagnostic tests study, multilayered macular analysis and MRW and pRNFL were obtained from one eye of 197 glaucoma (76 early, 68 moderate and ...
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Purpose: To compare the diagnostic ability of the ganglion cell analysis (GCA) and retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) protocol on optical coherence tomography (OCT), to diagnose preperimetric glaucoma. Methods: A prospective, cross-sectional study of 275 adult patients including 47 early glaucoma (mean deviation better than -6.0 D), 150 glaucoma suspects (106 with suspicious discs and 44 ocular hypertensive (OHT), and 78 normal controls was done. Eligible participants were scanned with the spectra...
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Context: Analysis of diagnostic ability of macular ganglionic cell complex and retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) in glaucoma. Aim: To correlate functional and structural parameters and comparing predictive value of each of the structural parameters using Fourier-domain (FD) optical coherence tomography (OCT) among primary open angle glaucoma (POAG) and ocular hypertension (OHT) versus normal population. Setting and Design: Single centric, cross-sectional study done in 234 eyes. Materials and Meth...
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PURPOSE: To evaluate relationships between the macular visual field (VF) mean sensitivity and the ganglion cell and inner plexiform layer (GCA) thicknesses. METHODS: Seventy-one glaucoma patients and 29 healthy subjects were included in this cross-sectional study. At each visit, GCA thicknesses were measured by Cirrus HD-OCT and static threshold perimetry was performed using Macular Integrity Assessment (MAIA). The relationship between the VF sensitivity and GCA thickness was examined globally, ...
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Aims To evaluate the glaucoma discriminating ability of macular retinal layers as measured by spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). Methods Healthy, glaucoma suspect and glaucomatous subjects had a comprehensive ocular examination, visual field testing and SD-OCT imaging (Cirrus HD-OCT; Carl Zeiss Meditec, Dublin, California, USA) in the macular and optic nerve head regions. OCT macular scans were segmented into macular nerve fibre layer (mNFL), ganglion cell layer with inner pl...
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Although glaucoma is classified as an optic nerve disease, pathologically it is characterized by the death of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) and their axons. Traditionally, loss of RGCs has been judged based on damage to the optic nerve head (ONH) and visual field (VF) deficits. Because these assessments do not exactly reflect the extent to which the RGC population is affected, it became evident that any method enabling measurement of RGCs would advance both early detection and longitudinal monit...
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