Biomimetic hydrogel for rapid and scar-free healing of skin wounds inspired by the healing process of oral mucosa.

Published on Dec 1, 2019in Acta Biomaterialia7.242
· DOI :10.1016/J.ACTBIO.2019.10.011
Xiaoying Kong6
Estimated H-index: 6
(Qingdao Agricultural University),
Jun Fu36
Estimated H-index: 36
(CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)
+ 3 AuthorsJinsheng Shi17
Estimated H-index: 17
(Qingdao Agricultural University)
Sources
Abstract
Abstract Inspired by the wound healing characteristics of the oral mucosa, a biomimetic hydrogel was prepared to realize the rapid and scar-free healing of skin wounds. Through monitoring the healing process of injured oral mucosa, we find out that the combination of high, rapid and sequential expression of some growth factors and the sterile-moist microenvironment are crucial for re-epithelialization and precise control of the inflammation process. On the base of our findings, a hydrogel loaded with several functional compounds was prepared to achieve a comprehensive simulation of the oral mucosal trauma microenvironment for skin wound healing. After 7 days treatment, the skin wound area of the treated group was only about 20% of that of the untreated group, and the proportion of collagen type III and type I in the treated group was much higher than that of the untreated group, suggesting lighter scar hyperplasia. The comprehensive treatment strategy of sequential expression of growth factors in combination with maintaining of a sterile and humid environment is expected to have great application prospect in the field of chronic trauma repair and cosmetic surgery. Statement of significance Long healing time and scar hyperplasia during wound healing have been a serious problem in the past decades of wound healing research. Oral cavity wound healing occurs in an environment that sustains ongoing physical trauma and is rich in bacteria. Despite this, injuries to the mucosal surface often heal faster than cutaneous wounds and leave less noticeable scars. Therefore, in recent years, many scholars have begun to study the healing mechanism of oral mucosa, which supports a new inspiration for the study of skin wound repair: whether the injured skin can achieve a rapid scar-free healing effect similar to oral mucosa? Imitating the biological process of oral mucosa wound healing would be a promising therapeutic strategy in wound healing. Therefore, inspired by the wound healing characteristics of the oral mucosa, a biomimetic gel was prepared to realize the rapid and scar-free healing of skin wounds. Through monitoring the healing process of injured oral mucosa, the combination of high, rapid and sequential expression of some growth factors and sterile-moist microenvironment was crucial for re-epithelialization and precise control of the inflammation process. The comprehensive treatment strategy of sequential expression of growth factors in combination with maintance of a sterile and humid environment implies its potential use in the field of chronic trauma repair and cosmetic surgery.
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