Profiling the miRNA-mRNA-lncRNA interaction network in MSC osteoblast differentiation induced by (+)-cholesten-3-one
Published on Oct 29, 2018in BMC Genomics3.594
· DOI :10.1186/S12864-018-5155-2
Our previous study showed that (+)-cholesten-3-one (CN) has the potential to induce the osteoblastic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). However, the roles of CN in targeting miRNA-mRNA-lncRNA interactions to regulate osteoblast differentiation remain poorly understood. A total of 77 miRNAs (36 upregulated and 41 downregulated) and 295 lncRNAs (281 upregulated and 14 downregulated) were significantly differentially expressed during CN-induced MSC osteogenic differentiation. Bioinformatic analysis identified that several pathways may play vital roles in MSC osteogenic differentiation, such as the vitamin D receptor signalling, TNF signalling, PI3K-Akt signalling, calcium signalling, and mineral absorption pathways. Further bioinformatic analysis revealed 16 core genes, including 6 mRNAs (Vdr, Mgp, Fabp3, Fst, Cd38, and Col1a1), 5 miRNAs (miR-483, miR-298, miR-361, miR-92b and miR-155) and 5 lncRNAs (NR_046246.1, NR_046239.1, XR_086062.1, XR_145872.1 and XR_146737.1), that may play important roles in regulating the CN-induced osteogenic differentiation of MSCs. Verified by the luciferase reporter, AR-S, qRT-PCR and western blot assays, we identified one miRNA (miR-298) that may enhance the osteogenic differentiation potential of MSCs via the vitamin D receptor signalling pathway. This study revealed the global expression profile of miRNAs and lncRNAs involved in the Chinese medicine active ingredient CN-induced osteoblast differentiation of MSCs for the first time and provided a foundation for future investigations of miRNA-mRNA-lncRNA interaction networks to completely illuminate the regulatory role of CN in MSC osteoblast differentiation.