Dramatic Dose Reduction in Three-Dimensional Rotational Angiography After Implementation of a Simple Dose Reduction Protocol.

Published on Aug 3, 2018in Pediatric Cardiology1.564
· DOI :10.1007/S00246-018-1943-3
Savine C. S. Minderhoud1
Estimated H-index: 1
(UU: Utrecht University),
Femke van der Stelt4
Estimated H-index: 4
(UU: Utrecht University)
+ 3 AuthorsJohannes M.P.J. Breur17
Estimated H-index: 17
(UU: Utrecht University)
Previously, median effective dose (ED) of 1.6 mSv per three-dimensional rotational angiography (3DRA) has been reported. This study evaluated ED and image quality in 3DRA after implementation of a simple dose reduction protocol in pediatric catheterizations. Simple conversion factors between 3DRA ED and readily available parameters at the cathlab were determined. The dose reduction protocol consisted of frame reduction (60–30 frames/s (f/s)), active collimation of the X-ray beam, usage of a readily available low dosage program, and a pre-3DRA run check. EDs were calculated with Monte Carlo PCXMC 2.0. Three observers blindly assessed 3DRA image quality of the dose reduction and normal-dose cohort. Between October 2014 and October 2015, 84 patients (median age 4.3 years) underwent 100 3DRAs with a median ED of 0.54 mSv (0.12–2.2) using the dose reduction protocol. Median ED in the normal-dose cohort (17 3DRAs) was 1.6 mSv (1.2–4.9). Image quality in the dose reduction cohort remained excellent. Correlations between ED and dose area product (DAP) and ED and skin dose were found with a ρ of 0.82 and 0.83, respectively. ED exposure of the entire catheterization was reduced to 2.64 mSv. Introduction of a simple protocol led to 66% dose reduction in 3DRA and 79% in the entire catheterization. 3DRA image quality in this group remained excellent. In 3DRA ED correlates well with DAP and skin dose, parameters readily available at the cathlab.
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