Genetic and environmental contributions to the association between violent victimization and major depressive disorder

Published on Apr 1, 2019in Personality and Individual Differences
· DOI :10.1016/J.PAID.2018.05.034
Nicholas Kavish5
Estimated H-index: 5
(SHSU: Sam Houston State University),
Eric J. Connolly14
Estimated H-index: 14
(SHSU: Sam Houston State University),
Brian B. Boutwell24
Estimated H-index: 24
(SLU: Saint Louis University)
Abstract Research suggests victims of violent crime are more likely to suffer from major depressive disorder (MDD) compared to non-victims. Less research has utilized longitudinal data to evaluate the directionality of this relationship or examined the genetic and environmental contributions to this association across the life course. The current study evaluated 473 full-sibling pairs and 209 half-sibling pairs (N = 1364) from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (Mage = 20.14, SD = 3.94). Cross-lagged models were used to examine the directionality of effects between violent victimization and MDD over time. Biometric liability models were used to examine genetic and environmental influences on single and chronic violent victimization and MDD. Violent victimization was associated with increases in MDD during late adolescence, but MDD was more associated with increased risk for violent victimization across young adulthood. Biometric analysis indicated that 20% and 30% of the association between MDD and single and chronic victimization, respectively, was accounted for by common genetic influences. Results from the current study suggest individuals who exhibit symptoms of MDD may be at higher risk for chronic victimization rather than developing MDD as a result of victimization.
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