Use and Risk Perception of Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems and Tobacco in Pregnancy

Published on May 1, 2018in Womens Health Issues
· DOI :10.1016/J.WHI.2018.02.005
Naleen Raj Bhandari7
Estimated H-index: 7
(University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences),
Kanesha D. Day1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences)
+ 3 AuthorsDenise Ragland9
Estimated H-index: 9
(University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences)
Abstract Introduction Given the rapid rise in availability and use, understanding the perception of electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) products in pregnant women is vital. As more women of reproductive age use these products, it is likely that their use during pregnancy is also increasing. This study investigated the use of ENDS and tobacco cigarettes, along with knowledge and perceptions of associated health risks in pregnant women. Methods A cross-sectional survey was conducted at a university-based obstetrical clinic. A 32-item self-administered survey was used to collect participants' knowledge, use, and risk perceptions of ENDS and tobacco smoking. Bivariate associations of demographics and ENDS user status were explored using Chi-square or Fisher's exact tests. Average differences in agreement with perception statements across ENDS user status were tested using ANOVA with Tukey's tests for multiple comparisons. Results Of 382 participants, 57.9% were 21-29 years old and 60.1% had some college or higher education. 30.3% reported using both ENDS and tobacco cigarettes and 11.9% were current ENDS users. The majority of participants had adequate knowledge about the facts and safety of ENDS and there was no difference across three ENDS user status groups. ENDS users perceived significantly lower risk of ENDS and higher benefit of using ENDS to aid quitting tobacco smoking, compared to non-ENDS users. The majority of participants reported that their healthcare providers less frequently assessed ENDS use during their prenatal visits, compared to tobacco cigarette use. Conclusions There is critical need for healthcare providers to increase the screening for ENDS use during pregnancy and promote awareness of risks and benefits of ENDS in pregnant women.
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