Social dominance orientation moderates the effectiveness of mindset messages

Published on Apr 1, 2018in British Journal of Social Psychology
· DOI :10.1111/BJSO.12238
Crystal L. Hoyt27
Estimated H-index: 27
(UR: University of Richmond),
Rachel B. Forsyth2
Estimated H-index: 2
(UR: University of Richmond),
Jeni L. Burnette20
Estimated H-index: 20
(NCSU: North Carolina State University)
Sources
Abstract
: In this work, we examine whether differences in social dominance orientation (SDO) moderate the effectiveness of mindsets of intelligence messages. We suggest that SDO is a foundational ideological belief system, on which individuals vary, that maintains the desire to endorse fixed beliefs about the nature of human intelligence. Thus, attempts to change individuals' mindsets should be met with resistance from those who strongly endorse the social dominance ideology - individuals high on SDO. In contrast, individuals low on SDO are less likely to use mindsets of intelligence to justify an ideological belief system, and thus, mindset manipulations should be effective for them. We test these predictions across three experimental studies (NStudy1  = 271, NStudy2  = 207, NStudy3  = 313). Across the studies, we find that individuals who are high, relative to low, on SDO have more fixed beliefs about the nature of intelligence and show smaller effects of manipulations of mindsets. However, when comparing to a control condition, there was no evidence that high-SDO participants resisted the growth message that contradicts their ideology more than the fixed one that supports it; additionally, low-SDO participants showed heightened responsiveness to a fixed message. We discuss implications for theoretical advances in our understanding of mindsets.
📖 Papers frequently viewed together
2013
7 Citations
9 Citations
References33
Newest
#1Gábor Orosz (MTA: Hungarian Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 22
#2Szilvia Péter-Szarka (University of Debrecen)H-Index: 2
Last. Rony Berger (BGU: Ben-Gurion University of the Negev)H-Index: 13
view all 5 authors...
The present study examined the effectiveness of a Growth Mindset intervention based on Dweck et al.’s (1995) theory in the Hungarian educational context. A cluster randomized controlled trial classroom experiment was carried out within the framework of a train-the-trainer intervention among 55 Hungarian 10th grade students with high Grade Point Average (GPA). The results suggest that students’ IQ and personality mindset beliefs were more incremental in the intervention group than in the control ...
24 CitationsSource
This research broadens our understanding of racial and gender bias in leader evaluations by merging implicit leadership theory and social dominance perspectives. Across two experimental studies (291 participants), we tested the prediction that bias in leader evaluations stemming from White and masculine leader standards depends on the extent to which people favor hierarchical group relationships (social dominance orientation) and their level of patriotism. Employing the Goldberg paradigm, partic...
12 CitationsSource
#1Susana Claro (Stanford University)H-Index: 5
#2David Paunesku (Stanford University)H-Index: 8
Last. Carol S. Dweck (Stanford University)H-Index: 124
view all 3 authors...
Two largely separate bodies of empirical research have shown that academic achievement is influenced by structural factors, such as socioeconomic background, and psychological factors, such as students’ beliefs about their abilities. In this research, we use a nationwide sample of high school students from Chile to investigate how these factors interact on a systemic level. Confirming prior research, we find that family income is a strong predictor of achievement. Extending prior research, we fi...
192 CitationsSource
#1David S. Yeager (University of Texas at Austin)H-Index: 35
#2Carissa Romero (Stanford University)H-Index: 6
Last. Carol S. Dweck (Stanford University)H-Index: 124
view all 14 authors...
There are many promising psychological interventions on the horizon, but there is no clear methodology for preparing them to be scaled up. Drawing on design thinking, the present research formalizes a methodology for redesigning and tailoring initial interventions. We test the methodology using the case of fixed versus growth mindsets during the transition to high school. Qualitative inquiry and rapid, iterative, randomized “A/B” experiments were conducted with ∼3,000 participants to inform inte...
270 CitationsSource
#1David Paunesku (Stanford University)H-Index: 8
#2Gregory M. Walton (Stanford University)H-Index: 41
Last. Carol S. Dweck (Stanford University)H-Index: 124
view all 6 authors...
The efficacy of academic-mind-set interventions has been demonstrated by small-scale, proof-of-concept interventions, generally delivered in person in one school at a time. Whether this approach could be a practical way to raise school achievement on a large scale remains unknown. We therefore delivered brief growth-mind-set and sense-of-purpose interventions through online modules to 1,594 students in 13 geographically diverse high schools. Both interventions were intended to help students pers...
441 CitationsSource
#1Krista De Castella (Stanford University)H-Index: 2
#2Don Byrne (ANU: Australian National University)H-Index: 28
The belief that intelligence is malleable has important consequences for achievement and motivation (Blackwell et al. Child Development, 78, 246-263. 2007; Dweck, 1999; Robins & Pals, Self and Identity, 1,313-336, 2002). However, believing that it is possible to improve intelligence does not necessarily mean students are always confident they can improve their own. The current study presents a revised “self-theory” measure of the implicit theories of intelligence scale, which assess students’ be...
89 CitationsSource
#1Krista Casler (F&M: Franklin & Marshall College)H-Index: 10
#2Lydia Bickel (F&M: Franklin & Marshall College)H-Index: 1
Last. Elizabeth Hackett (F&M: Franklin & Marshall College)H-Index: 1
view all 3 authors...
Recent and emerging technology permits psychologists today to recruit and test participants in more ways than ever before. But to what extent can behavioral scientists trust these varied methods to yield reasonably equivalent results? Here, we took a behavioral, face-to-face task and converted it to an online test. We compared the online responses of participants recruited via Amazon's Mechanical Turk (MTurk) and via social media postings on Twitter, Facebook, and Reddit. We also recruited a sta...
1,003 CitationsSource
#1Jeni L. Burnette (UR: University of Richmond)H-Index: 20
#2Ernest H. O'Boyle (UI: University of Iowa)H-Index: 22
Last. Eli J. Finkel (NU: Northwestern University)H-Index: 70
view all 5 authors...
This review builds on self-control theory (Carver & Scheier, 1998) to develop a theoretical framework for investigating associations of implicit theories with self-regulation. This framework conceptualizes self-regulation in terms of 3 crucial processes: goal setting, goal operating, and goal monitoring. In this meta-analysis, we included articles that reported a quantifiable assessment of implicit theories and at least 1 self-regulatory process or outcome. With a random effects approach used, m...
487 CitationsSource
#1David S. YeagerH-Index: 35
#2Carol S. Dweck (Stanford University)H-Index: 124
Because challenges are ubiquitous, resilience is essential for success in school and in life. In this article we review research demonstrating the impact of students’ mindsets on their resilience in the face of academic and social challenges. We show that students who believe (or are taught) that intellectual abilities are qualities that can be developed (as opposed to qualities that are fixed) tend to show higher achievement across challenging school transitions and greater course completion ra...
864 CitationsSource
#1Ilan Dar-Nimrod (UBC: University of British Columbia)H-Index: 19
#2Steven J. Heine (UBC: University of British Columbia)H-Index: 60
This article introduces the notion of genetic essentialist biases: cognitive biases associated with essentialist thinking that are elicited when people encounter arguments that genes are relevant for a behavior, condition, or social group. Learning about genetic attributions for various human conditions leads to a particular set of thoughts regarding those conditions: they are more likely to be perceived as (a) immutable and determined, (b) having a specific etiology, (c) homogeneous and discret...
394 CitationsSource
Cited By2
Newest
#1Xingbo Li (Eli Lilly and Company)H-Index: 2
#2Michael J. Barone (University of Louisville)H-Index: 25
Last. Mina Kwon (University of Louisville)H-Index: 2
view all 4 authors...
Source
#1Crystal L. Hoyt (UR: University of Richmond)H-Index: 27
#2Thekla Morgenroth (University of Exeter)H-Index: 8
Last. Jeni L. Burnette (NCSU: North Carolina State University)H-Index: 20
view all 3 authors...
11 CitationsSource