Food Insecurity Research in the United States: Where We Have Been and Where We Need to Go

Published on Mar 1, 2018in Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy4.083
· DOI :10.1093/AEPP/PPX058
Craig Gundersen43
Estimated H-index: 43
(UIUC: University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign),
James P. Ziliak30
Estimated H-index: 30
(UK: University of Kentucky)
Sources
Abstract
Food insecurity is now recognized as a major health crisis in the United States. This is due to the size of the problem—more than 42 million persons were food insecure in 2015—as well as the multiple negative health outcomes and higher health care costs attributable to food insecurity. An extensive body of literature from multiple fields has examined the causes and consequences of food insecurity and the efficacy of food assistance programs—especially the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program. We review this literature and provide suggestions for future research directions. We suggest examining the distribution of food insecurity within households, the impact of the food distribution system on food insecurity, the coping mechanisms of low-income food secure families, food insecurity among American Indians, the effects of charitable food assistance, the causal relationship between food insecurity and health outcomes, the declining age gradient in food insecurity among Seniors, the effects of labor force participation and the Great Recession on food insecurity, and the long-term consequences of food insecurity. In addition, the impact of two recent policy recommendations on food insecurity – the minimum wage and the Affordable Care – Act should be considered.
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References62
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#2Hilary K. Seligman (UCSF: University of California, San Francisco)H-Index: 35
Last. Sanjay Basu (Stanford University)H-Index: 93
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Importance Food insecurity is associated with high health care expenditures, but the effectiveness of food insecurity interventions on health care costs is unknown. Objective To determine whether the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), which addresses food insecurity, can reduce health care expenditures. Design, Setting, and Participants This is a retrospective cohort study of 4447 noninstitutionalized adults with income below 200% of the federal poverty threshold who participated ...
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#1Craig GundersenH-Index: 43
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An estimated 87.7 percent of American households were food secure throughout the entire year in 2016, meaning they had access at all times to enough food for an active, healthy life for all household members. The remaining households (12.3 percent) were food insecure at least some time during the year, including 4.9 percent with very low food security, meaning that at times the food intake of one or more household members was reduced and their eating patterns were disrupted because the household...
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#1Jayson L. Lusk (OSU: Oklahoma State University–Stillwater)H-Index: 71
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#1Craig Gundersen (UIUC: University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign)H-Index: 43
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In light of concerns about high rates of food insecurity, some have suggested that it might be time for Canada to implement national food assistance programs like those provided in the US, namely the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) and the National School Lunch Program (NSLP). In this paper, we assess how adopting these types of assistance programs would change the food insecurity rate in Canada among households with children. Using data from the Current Population Survey (CPS),...
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Abstract null null The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) is the largest federal food assistance program in the United States and is designed to reduce food insecurity especially for low income working families, disabled people, and senior citizens. Although economists have extensively studied the factors influencing SNAP participation by eligible households as well as SNAP efficacy in reducing food insecurity, there has been no research on the potential link between the grocery fo...
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