Chemical modification of sugarcane bagasse and sisal fibers using hydroxymethylated lignin: Influence on impact strength and water absorption of phenolic composites:

Published on Jan 25, 2018in Journal of Composite Materials1.972
· DOI :10.1177/0021998317753886
Sandra Patricia da Silva Tita3
Estimated H-index: 3
(USP: University of São Paulo),
Ricardo de Medeiros9
Estimated H-index: 9
+ 2 AuthorsVolnei Tita19
Estimated H-index: 19
(USP: University of São Paulo)
Sources
Abstract
Chemical modification of fiber surfaces can increase wettability of composites reinforced by vegetal fibers and, consequently, the dispersion of the fiber in the matrix and mechanical properties can be improved. Although there are some studies about agents for chemical modifications of vegetal fiber surfaces, there are few data and discussion about the usage of lignin. In the present work, chemical modifications of sugarcane bagasse and sisal fibers using lignin (previously hydroxymethylated) were carried out under different reaction times (15, 30, and 60 min). The composition (holocellulose, hemicelluloses, cellulose, and lignin contents) of the treated and untreated fibers was evaluated. Phenolic composites were prepared using unmodified and modified fibers via compression molding process under temperature. Izod impact, water absorption tests, and scanning electron microscopy were performed to evaluate composite properties. The resin and lignin were characterized by size exclusion chromatography. Result...
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