Lover and Learner: Exploring Relational Schema Change Following Relationship Dissolution

Published on Jan 1, 2019in Journal of Social Psychology
· DOI :10.1080/00224545.2018.1458019
Julie A. Brunson4
Estimated H-index: 4
(PSU: Pennsylvania State University),
Camilla S. Øverup9
Estimated H-index: 9
(Fairleigh Dickinson University),
Linda K. Acitelli23
Estimated H-index: 23
(UH: University of Houston)
Sources
Abstract
ABSTRACTRomantic relationships are known to be very influential, but less is known about how these relationships, and particularly the breakup of these relationships, may affect individuals’ relati...
📖 Papers frequently viewed together
3 Citations
85 Citations
9 Citations
References26
Newest
#1Julie A. Brunson (UH: University of Houston)H-Index: 4
#2Linda K. Acitelli (UH: University of Houston)H-Index: 23
Last. Carla Sharp (UH: University of Houston)H-Index: 56
view all 3 authors...
Most psychiatric disorders are associated with problems in interpersonal relationships. This is not surprising because people's relationships with others are an influential and integral component of their lives. The cognitive representations of these relationships can be important in understanding these relationships, and both the attachment and relational schema approaches have helped to better understand the nature of these cognitions. The attachment approach is widely researched and establish...
4 CitationsSource
#1Lorne Campbell (UWO: University of Western Ontario)H-Index: 32
#2Nickola C. Overall (University of Auckland)H-Index: 37
Last. Sandra D. Lackenbauer (UWO: University of Western Ontario)H-Index: 5
view all 4 authors...
Guided by the ideal standards model (Simpson, Fletcher, & Campbell, 2001), we tested in 2 studies whether (a) individuals were accurate when inferring how closely they matched their romantic partner's ideal standards, (b) such accurate inferences explained why people are more satisfied when they more closely match their partner's ideals, and (c) accurate inferences are generated via the partner's behavior during conflict interactions. Both members of dating and/or married couples were recruited ...
12 CitationsSource
#1Shelly L. Gable (UCSB: University of California, Santa Barbara)H-Index: 49
Last. Amy StrachmanH-Index: 12
view all 4 authors...
Previous research has shown that receiving social support in the face of negative events (i.e., enacted support) is sometimes correlated with positive outcomes, sometimes unrelated to outcomes, and sometimes associated with negative outcomes. However, people's perception that they have high-quality support available to them when they have a stressor (i.e., perceived support) is consistently and strongly associated with better health, well-being, and relationship functioning. However, both enacte...
507 CitationsSource
#1Linda J. Levine (UCI: University of California, Irvine)H-Index: 31
#2Susanna Schmidt (UNITO: University of Turin)H-Index: 11
Last. Carla Tinti (UNITO: University of Turin)H-Index: 16
view all 4 authors...
Reappraisal and distraction, unlike suppression, are known to decrease the intensity of negative emotion in the short term. Little is known about long-term characteristics associated with emotion regulation strategies, however. In a longitudinal study, we examined the relation between the strategies people reported using to regulate emotions during a stressful situation and their later memory for their emotions. Students in Italy rated the intensity of positive and negative emotions they were ex...
29 CitationsSource
#1Samantha L. Anders (UMN: University of Minnesota)H-Index: 12
#2Patricia A. Frazier (UMN: University of Minnesota)H-Index: 59
Last. Sandra L. Shallcross (UMN: University of Minnesota)H-Index: 12
view all 3 authors...
The purposes of this study were to assess lifetime and recent exposure to various life events among undergraduate and community college students and to assess the relation between event exposure and a broad range of outcomes (i.e., mental and physical health, life satisfaction, grade point average). Undergraduate students from a midwestern university (N 842) and a community college (N 242) completed online measures of lifetime event exposure and outcomes at Time 1 and recent event exposure at Ti...
53 CitationsSource
#1Erica B. Slotter (NU: Northwestern University)H-Index: 18
#2Wendi L. Gardner (NU: Northwestern University)H-Index: 38
Last. Eli J. Finkel (NU: Northwestern University)H-Index: 70
view all 3 authors...
Romantic relationships alter the selves of the individuals within them. Partners develop shared friends and activities and even overlapping self-concepts. This intertwining of selves may leave individuals’ self-concepts vulnerable to change if the relationship ends. The current research examines several different types of self-concept change that could occur after a breakup and their relation to emotional distress. Across three studies, using varied methodologies, the authors examined change in ...
260 CitationsSource
#1Nickola C. Overall (Cant.: University of Canterbury)H-Index: 37
#2Garth J. O. Fletcher (Cant.: University of Canterbury)H-Index: 46
Last. Jeffry A. Simpson (UMN: University of Minnesota)H-Index: 96
view all 3 authors...
This research investigated the consistency between partner perceptions and ideal standards (ideal-perception consistency) and the partner regulation attempts of 200 individuals involved in relationships (Study 1) and 62 heterosexual couples (Study 2). As predicted, greater regulation attempts were associated with lower ideal-perception consistency, and these links operated within 3 pivotal mate-evaluation dimensions and were moderated by perceived regulation success. Ideal-perception consistency...
189 CitationsSource
Event onset modeling was used to investigate the time course of breakup-related affective processes. Daily emotion data were collected for 4 weeks from 58 young adults who recently experienced the dissolution of a serious romantic relationship. Using baseline data obtained from individuals in intact dating relationships, sadness and anger recovery were defined as points in time and then modeled as a function of theoretically relevant predictors using Cox’s survival analysis. Acceptance of relati...
204 CitationsSource
#1Nehami Baum (BIU: Bar-Ilan University)H-Index: 20
#2Giora Rahav (TAU: Tel Aviv University)H-Index: 19
Last. Dan Sharon (TAU: Tel Aviv University)H-Index: 1
view all 3 authors...
Abstract This study, conducted on a heterogeneous sample of 70 divorced custodial mothers in Israel, explores changes in the self-concept of divorced women. Findings showed that most of the study participants saw themselves as having changed, and improved, in the surveyed aspects of self-concept. Comparing their present situation to that before their divorce, most reported that they became more independent, more in control of their lives, and more responsible for themselves. They reported feelin...
24 CitationsSource
#1Nickola C. Overall (Cant.: University of Canterbury)H-Index: 37
Last. Myron D. FriesenH-Index: 9
view all 3 authors...
This study compared three models of how attachment working models might be cognitively represented. Model 1 posits that attachment representations consist of a single global working model summarizing attachment across specific relationships and domains. Model 2 proposes three independent working models for the relationship domains of family, platonic friendships, and romantic partners. Model 3 postulates that specific relationship models are nested under relationship domain representations that ...
258 CitationsSource
Cited By1
Newest
#1Julie A. Brunson (UH: University of Houston)H-Index: 4
#2Linda K. Acitelli (UH: University of Houston)H-Index: 23
Last. Carla Sharp (UH: University of Houston)H-Index: 56
view all 3 authors...
Most psychiatric disorders are associated with problems in interpersonal relationships. This is not surprising because people's relationships with others are an influential and integral component of their lives. The cognitive representations of these relationships can be important in understanding these relationships, and both the attachment and relational schema approaches have helped to better understand the nature of these cognitions. The attachment approach is widely researched and establish...
4 CitationsSource