Feasibility of a streamlined imaging protocol in technetium-99m-Tektrotyd somatostatin receptor SPECT/CT.

Published on Jun 1, 2018in Clinical Radiology2.118
· DOI :10.1016/J.CRAD.2017.12.019
H. Al-Chalabi1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust),
A.M. Cook1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust)
+ 2 AuthorsAndrew Scarsbrook29
Estimated H-index: 29
(Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust)
Aim To assess the feasibility and efficacy of a streamlined single time-point 99mTc-HYNIC-Tyr3-octreotide (Tektrotyd) somatostatin receptor scintigraphy (SRS) protocol to differentiate pathological uptake by neuroendocrine tumours (NETs) from physiological activity. Methods and materials Tektrotyd imaging in 50 consecutive patients with NETs was reviewed retrospectively. Imaging was independently assessed by two experienced reporters with dual-certification in radiology and nuclear medicine and agreed in consensus. The presence of physiological bowel activity and/or further sites of equivocal uptake on 4-hour planar imaging and whether combined single-photon-emission computed tomography (SPECT)/computed tomography (CT) assessment allowed accurate diagnosis was tabulated. A judgement was also made in each case on whether 2-hour planar imaging was necessary for accurate diagnostic interpretation. Results Thirty-six patients (72%) had positive findings on Tektrotyd SPECT/CT. Eight patients (16%) had bowel activity on 4-hour planar imaging, which could be considered to have hampered interpretation without access to SPECT/CT. Eleven studies in 10 patients (20%) demonstrated areas of indeterminate uptake on planar imaging; five in the uncinate process of the pancreas, three in the nasal cavity or paranasal sinuses, one in the adrenal glands, one in a focus of inflammation on the posterior abdominal wall, and one at the tip of a central venous line. In all cases, accurate interpretation of findings was possible with SPECT/CT, without the 2-hour planar image. Conclusion Two-hour planar imaging could be safely omitted from Tektrotyd SRS incorporating SPECT/CT imaging without reducing the accuracy of diagnostic interpretation. Streamlined imaging has the potential to reduce patient inconvenience and improve scanner and staff efficiency.
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