Explaining innovation outputs by different types of R&D inputs: evidence from US universities

Published on Aug 10, 2017in Journal of Strategy and Management
· DOI :10.1108/JSMA-09-2015-0077
Marcelo J. Alvarado-Vargas4
Estimated H-index: 4
(UT: University of Toledo),
Stephen K. Callaway1
Estimated H-index: 1
Sonny S. Ariss10
Estimated H-index: 10
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to empirically examine the effects of different R&D funding inputs – including funding for basic research, applied research, and development – on different innovation outcomes (e.g. inventions, patents, licenses, and start-ups). Design/methodology/approach The study borrowed the resource dependence theory perspective by focusing on the proportion of funding secured from various external sources that fund university R&D, and assessed its effect on the nature and outcomes of the university research activity. Findings Results indicated that greater funding of basic research was associated with more inventions and patents; greater funding of applied research was associated with more licenses; and greater funding for development activities was associated with more university start-ups. Originality/value The contributions of this study are two folded: first, it added to the debate that more RD and second, it is important to differentiate the R&D funding inputs as they are related to different innovation outcomes.
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