Value congruence and depressive symptoms among critical care clinicians: The mediating role of moral distress

Published on Feb 1, 2018in Stress and Health2.35
· DOI :10.1002/SMI.2769
Giulia Lamiani13
Estimated H-index: 13
(Humanitas University),
Paola Dordoni6
Estimated H-index: 6
(UNIPV: University of Pavia),
Piergiorgio Argentero17
Estimated H-index: 17
(UNIPV: University of Pavia)
Clinicians working in intensive care units are often exposed to several job stressors that can negatively affect their mental health. Literature has acknowledged the role of value congruence and job control in determining clinicians' psychological well-being and depressive symptoms. However, potential mediators of this association have been scarcely examined. This study aimed to test the mediating role of moral distress in the relationship between value congruence and job control, on the one hand, and depression, on the other hand. A cross-sectional study involving physicians, nurses, and residents working in 7 intensive care units in the north of Italy was conducted. Clinicians were administered in the Italian Moral Distress Scale—Revised, the value and control subscales of the Areas of Worklife Scale, and the Beck Depression Inventory II. Structural equation modeling was used to test the mediation model. Analysis on 170 questionnaires (response rate 72%) found no relations between job control and moral distress. A total indirect effect of value congruence on depression through moral distress (β = −.12; p = .02) was found. Moral distress contributes to the development of depressive symptoms among critical care clinicians who perceive a value incongruence with their organization and therefore should be addressed.
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