Prediction of wind-turbine fatigue loads in forest regions based on turbulent LES inflow fields

Published on Jun 1, 2017in Wind Energy2.646
· DOI :10.1002/WE.2076
Bastian Nebenführ5
Estimated H-index: 5
(Chalmers University of Technology),
Lars Davidson51
Estimated H-index: 51
(Chalmers University of Technology)
Sources
Abstract
Large-eddy simulations (LES) were used to predict the neutral atmospheric boundary layer over a sparse and a dense forest, as well as over grass-covered flat terrain. The forest is explicitly represented in the simulations through momentum sink terms. Turbulence data extracted from the LES served then as inflow turbulence for the simulation of the dynamic structural response of a generic wind turbine. In this way, the impact of forest density, wind speed and wind-turbine hub height on the wind-turbine fatigue loads was studied. Results show for example significantly increased equivalent fatigue loads above the two forests. Moreover, a comparison between LES turbulence and synthetically generated turbulence in terms of load predictions was made and revealed that synthetic turbulence was able to excite the same spectral peaks as LES turbulence but lead to consistently lower equivalent fatigue loads. Copyright (c) 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
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