Don't be so hard on yourself! Changes in self-compassion during the first year of university are associated with changes in well-being

Published on Mar 1, 2017in Personality and Individual Differences3.004
· DOI :10.1016/J.PAID.2016.11.032
Katie E. Gunnell19
Estimated H-index: 19
(Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario),
Amber D. Mosewich15
Estimated H-index: 15
(U of A: University of Alberta)
+ 2 AuthorsPeter R.E. Crocker52
Estimated H-index: 52
(UBC: University of British Columbia)
Abstract Introduction Well-being declines during the first year of university. We examined if change in self-compassion was indirectly related to change in well-being through change in psychological need satisfaction during the first year of university. Methods First year university students ( N  = 189, 77.2% female) completed self-report questionnaires at the beginning of the first semester and approximately five months later. Path analysis and bootstrapping procedures were used to examine residualized change scores. Results Change in self-compassion was positively related to ( p s  p s  BcC I)[0.38, 0.77]), positive affect (b = 0.41, 95% BcC I [0.27, 0.58]), and negative affect (b = − 0.26, 95% BcC I[− 0.41, − 0.13]) through change in psychological need satisfaction. Conclusions During the first year of university, change in self-compassion was associated with change in well-being because self-compassion enhanced psychological need satisfaction. Results highlight the potential of enhancing self-compassion during first year university to help mitigate student declines in well-being.
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