Don't be so hard on yourself! Changes in self-compassion during the first year of university are associated with changes in well-being

Published on Mar 1, 2017in Personality and Individual Differences3.004
· DOI :10.1016/J.PAID.2016.11.032
Katie E. Gunnell19
Estimated H-index: 19
(Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario),
Amber D. Mosewich15
Estimated H-index: 15
(U of A: University of Alberta)
+ 2 AuthorsPeter R.E. Crocker52
Estimated H-index: 52
(UBC: University of British Columbia)
Sources
Abstract
Abstract Introduction Well-being declines during the first year of university. We examined if change in self-compassion was indirectly related to change in well-being through change in psychological need satisfaction during the first year of university. Methods First year university students ( N  = 189, 77.2% female) completed self-report questionnaires at the beginning of the first semester and approximately five months later. Path analysis and bootstrapping procedures were used to examine residualized change scores. Results Change in self-compassion was positively related to ( p s  p s  BcC I)[0.38, 0.77]), positive affect (b = 0.41, 95% BcC I [0.27, 0.58]), and negative affect (b = − 0.26, 95% BcC I[− 0.41, − 0.13]) through change in psychological need satisfaction. Conclusions During the first year of university, change in self-compassion was associated with change in well-being because self-compassion enhanced psychological need satisfaction. Results highlight the potential of enhancing self-compassion during first year university to help mitigate student declines in well-being.
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References37
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#1Mele Fong (UNE: University of New England (United States))H-Index: 1
#2Natasha M. Loi (UNE: University of New England (United States))H-Index: 10
Objective Self-compassion is an adaptive emotion-regulation strategy characterised by self-kindness, common humanity, and mindfulness. This cross-sectional study examined the mediating role of self-compassion in student psychological health. Method An international sample of 306 tertiary students completed measures of self-compassion, well-being (satisfaction with life, flourishing, and positive affect), and distress (stress, negative affect, burnout, and depression). Results Correlational analy...
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#1Kristin D. Neff (University of Texas at Austin)H-Index: 42
Recently, the Self-Compassion Scale (SCS) has been criticized for problems with psychometric validity. Further, the use of an overall self-compassion score that includes items representing the lack of self-compassion has been called into question. I argue that the SCS is consistent with my definition of self-compassion, which I see as a dynamic balance between the compassionate versus uncompassionate ways that individuals emotionally respond to pain and failure (with kindness or judgment), cogni...
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#1Katie E. Gunnell (Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario)H-Index: 19
#2Mathieu Bélanger (Université de Sherbrooke)H-Index: 19
Last. Jennifer Brunet (U of O: University of Ottawa)H-Index: 27
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(a) Examine longitudinal measurement invariance of scores from psychological need satisfaction (PNS) scales, and (b) examine if changes in PNS were associated with change in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA).Adolescents (N = 842, Mage = 10.8, SD =.6) enrolled in the Monitoring Activities of Teenagers to Comprehend their Habits (MATCH) study completed measures of PNS and MVPA every 4 months over a 3-year period (2011-14) for a total of 9 times.PNS scores demonstrated strong longitudin...
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#2Oliver Dickhäuser (UMA: University of Mannheim)H-Index: 33
Last. Sven F. Garbade (Heidelberg University)H-Index: 20
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Background Self-compassion describes a positive and caring attitude of a person toward her- or himself in the face of failures and individual shortcomings. As a result of this caring attitude, individuals high in self-compassion are assumed to experience higher individual well-being. The present meta-analysis examines the relationship between self-compassion and different forms of well-being. Method The authors combined k = 79 samples, with an overall sample size of N = 16,416, and analyzed the ...
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#2Ryan Kitner (Bishop's University)H-Index: 2
Last. Jameson K. Hirsch (ETSU: East Tennessee State University)H-Index: 34
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Objective: Emerging theory and research suggest that self-compassion promotes the practice of health behaviors, and implicates self-regulation as an explanatory factor. However, previous investigations focused only on behavior intentions or health risk behaviors, and did not investigate the role of emotions. This study expands on this research using a small-scale meta-analysis approach with our own data sets to examine the associations of self-compassion with a set of health-promoting behaviors,...
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#1Beiwen Chen (UGent: Ghent University)H-Index: 8
#2Maarten Vansteenkiste (UGent: Ghent University)H-Index: 108
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#1Kristin D. Neff (University of Texas at Austin)H-Index: 42
#2Katie A. Dahm (University of Texas at Austin)H-Index: 1
Over the past decade self-compassion has gained popularity as a related and complementary construct to mindfulness, and research on self-compassion is growing at an exponential rate. Self-compassion involves treating yourself with the same kindness, concern and support you would show to a good friend. When faced with difficult life struggles, or confronting personal mistakes, failures, and inadequacies, self-compassion responds with kindness rather than harsh self-judgment, recognizing that impe...
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#1Elke Smeets (UM: Maastricht University)H-Index: 14
#2Kristin D. Neff (University of Texas at Austin)H-Index: 42
Last. Madelon L. Peters (UM: Maastricht University)H-Index: 69
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Objective The present study investigated the effectiveness of a newly developed 3-week self-compassion group intervention for enhancing resilience and well-being among female college students. Method Fifty-two students were randomly assigned to either an intervention designed to teach skills of self-compassion (n = 27) or an active control group intervention in which general time management skills were taught (n = 25). Both interventions comprised 3 group meetings held over 3 weeks. To measure r...
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#1Nora Hope (McGill University)H-Index: 11
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We examined the role of self-compassion in freshmen students’ goal pursuit and well-being across the first year of university. Multilevel analyses of 1 week of daily diary assessment revealed that individuals high in self-compassion appeared to be less vulnerable to the affective consequences of thwarted goal progress. We also found that trait self-compassion moderated the relation of autonomous goal motivation to negative affect, such that autonomous motivation was especially related to low neg...
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