Individual Differences Associated with Emotional and Behavioral Responses to Ambiguous Social Situations in which Rejection Might be Inferred

Published on Sep 20, 2016in Journal of General Psychology
· DOI :10.1080/00221309.2016.1214102
Tucker L. Jones3
Estimated H-index: 3
(KSU: Kansas State University),
Mark A. Barnett19
Estimated H-index: 19
(KSU: Kansas State University)
+ 1 AuthorsTammy L. Sonnentag3
Estimated H-index: 3
(Xavier University)
ABSTRACTThis study sought to examine the extent to which undergraduates' experiences with and attitudes relevant to rejection may be associated with their emotional and behavioral responses to ambiguous social situations in which rejection might be inferred. Undergraduate students completed questionnaires that assessed their experiences with and attitudes relevant to being rejected. Next, each participant read six hypothetical scenarios that described various situations that could be interpreted as interpersonal rejection. Following each scenario, participants completed questionnaires that assessed their emotional and behavioral responses to the hypothetical situation. Analyses revealed that the participants' experiences with rejection (and, to a lesser extent, their rejection-relevant attitudes) were associated with a negative emotional response and some negative behavioral responses. In sum, when another individual's interpersonal behavior has an uncertain intent, undergraduates' prior experiences with ...
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