Surgically induced changes in retinal vessel diameter, retinal nerve fibre layer thickness, and the optic disc after 23-gauge pars plana vitrectomy

Published on Jun 1, 2017in International Ophthalmology1.314
· DOI :10.1007/S10792-016-0302-8
Seung Uk Lee6
Estimated H-index: 6
(Kosin University),
Ki Yup Nam10
Estimated H-index: 10
(Kosin University),
Sang Joon Lee11
Estimated H-index: 11
(Kosin University)
The aim of the study is to investigate the retinal vascular calibre, retinal nerve fibre layer's thickness, and optic disc changes in patients after pars plana vitrectomy. We examined 40 eyes in 40 patients who had undergone unilateral pars plana vitrectomy at three time points: prior to surgery, and at 3 and 6 months after the operation. The diameters of central retinal arteries and veins were measured using retinal photographs. The central retinal arteriolar equivalent (CRAE) and central retinal venular equivalent (CRVE) were calculated using the revised Parr–Hubbard formula. Retinal nerve fibre layer thickness was obtained using Stratus optical coherence tomography. The cup-to-disc vertical ratio of the optic disc was evaluated using stereo optic disc photography. There were no significant differences between the eyes of individual patients before the operation. Cup-to-disc vertical ratios of the optic disc were significantly increased 3 and 6 months postoperatively (p < 0.01, p < 0.01), and there was a significant difference between the operative eye and fellow eye at the same time points (p < 0.01, p < 0.01). Changes in CRAE and CRVE in the operative eyes were significantly larger than the fellow eyes 6 months postoperatively (p < 0.01, p < 0.01). The retinal nerve fibre layer thickness showed no significant changes. While there were no changes in retinal nerve fibre layer thickness, vitrectomy induced changes in the cup-to-disc vertical ratio of the optic disc and retinal vessel diameter for at least 6 months after surgery.
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