High strain rate out-of-plane compression properties of aramid fabric reinforced polyamide composite

Published on Aug 1, 2016in Polymer Testing3.275
· DOI :10.1016/J.POLYMERTESTING.2016.06.006
Xiuyang Qian2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Hunan University),
Hongxin Wang6
Estimated H-index: 6
(Hunan University)
+ 1 AuthorsGuilin Wen22
Estimated H-index: 22
(Hunan University)
Sources
Abstract
Abstract The composite-structure protective systems in head-on collision with objects are largely subjected to dynamic compression load along the thickness of composite structure. A typical plain weave aramid fabric reinforced polyamide (PA) composite, which is defined as one of single polymer composites (SPCs), is addressed in this paper. Firstly, in the process of sample preparation, processing characteristics of the single polymer composites are skillfully achieved and discussed using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and capillary rheometer. Secondly, the out-of-plane compression properties of the composite are studied on Split Hopkinson Pressure Bar (SHPB) apparatus in the strain rate range of 400–1200s −1 . Effects of fiber content and strain rate on dynamic off-plane compression properties are investigated and quasi-static properties are obtained on a universal testing machine as a comparison. Results provide a basis for selecting composite composition and lay-up for designing armor with improved impact resistance. Additionally, penetration of the resin through the fabric is observed by the digital microscope and the internal damage of the laminates is qualitatively predicted by the microstructure of the internal fabric yarns.
📖 Papers frequently viewed together
10 Citations
4 Citations
39 Citations
References36
Newest
#1Yentl Swolfs (Katholieke Universiteit Leuven)H-Index: 22
#2Qingcheng Zhang (Katholieke Universiteit Leuven)H-Index: 1
Last. Ignace Verpoest (Katholieke Universiteit Leuven)H-Index: 74
view all 4 authors...
Abstract Hot compacted self-reinforced polypropylene composites have good tensile properties and excellent impact resistance, but they have a limited processing window. Therefore, the influence of compaction temperature, dwell time and the application of interleaved films on the tensile and impact properties was assessed. Increased compaction temperature allows more molecular relaxation, thereby melting more matrix and creating a stronger interlayer bonding. This results in reduced 0° tensile pr...
40 CitationsSource
#1Zhenhua Song (JNU: Jinan University)H-Index: 7
#2Zhihua Wang (TUT: Taiyuan University of Technology)H-Index: 34
Last. HaiJun Xuan (ZJU: Zhejiang University)H-Index: 1
view all 4 authors...
Abstract The compressive behavior of woven carbon/epoxy laminate composites is investigated under in-plane and out-of-plane loading. The Material Testing System (MTS) and the Split Hopkinson Pressure Bar (SHPB) are employed to test the quasi-static and high strain rate dynamic mechanical properties of the material, respectively. Dynamic compression properties are compared with those of static loading. It is observed that the failure strength varies with different fiber woven directions. The resu...
26 CitationsSource
#1József Karger-Kocsis (BME: Budapest University of Technology and Economics)H-Index: 71
#2Tamás Bárány (BME: Budapest University of Technology and Economics)H-Index: 24
Preparation, properties and applications of single-polymer composites (SPCs), representing an emerging family within the polymeric composite materials, have been surveyed. SPCs were classified in respect to their composition (one- and two-constituents), and preforms (non-consolidated and consolidated). SPCs composed of amorphous or semicrystalline matrices and semicrystalline reinforcements were considered. Methods to widen the temperature difference between the matrix- and reinforcement-giving ...
101 CitationsSource
#1Yentl Swolfs (Katholieke Universiteit Leuven)H-Index: 22
#2Liesbet Crauwels (Katholieke Universiteit Leuven)H-Index: 2
Last. Ignace Verpoest (Katholieke Universiteit Leuven)H-Index: 74
view all 4 authors...
The weave architecture is vital for hot compaction and the mechanical properties of self-reinforced polypropylene. Low compaction quality resulted in early damage initiation and reduced tensile strength. Interleaved films and decreased crimp in the weave architecture increased the compaction quality. The best compaction quality and tensile properties were obtained by standard fed weaves with interleaved films. The penetration impact resistance and peel strength was independent of the weave archi...
37 CitationsSource
#1Paulo N.B. Reis (UBI: University of Beira Interior)H-Index: 23
#2J.A.M. Ferreira (UC: University of Coimbra)H-Index: 32
Last. M.O.W. RichardsonH-Index: 18
view all 5 authors...
Abstract Kevlar fibres have been widely used as impact-resistant reinforcement in composite materials. However, there are very few works about the effects of nanoclays on the impact strength of Kevlar/epoxy laminates. Therefore, this paper intends to study the ideal amount of nanoclays to obtain the best impact performance. Nanoclays Cloisite 30B were dispersed in the epoxy system of at 1.5%, 3% and 6% in weight. For better dispersion and interface adhesion matrix/clay, nanoclays were previously...
77 CitationsSource
79 CitationsSource
#1Ákos Kmetty (BME: Budapest University of Technology and Economics)H-Index: 9
#2Tamás Bárány (BME: Budapest University of Technology and Economics)H-Index: 24
Last. József Karger-Kocsis (BME: Budapest University of Technology and Economics)H-Index: 71
view all 3 authors...
Abstract All-polypropylene composites comprising of polypropylene based thermoplastic elastomer (TPE) matrix and polypropylene homopolymer (hPP) fibre reinforcement were prepared and processed by injection moulding. For the injection moulding of plaque specimens pre-impregnated pellets, prepared by combined filament winding and film stacking were used. The processing–structure–property relationships of the all-PP composites were studied on specimens cut from the plaques produced at different mel...
30 CitationsSource
#1Marcílio Alves (USP: University of São Paulo)H-Index: 23
#2Dora Karagiozova (BAS: Bulgarian Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 27
Last. M.A.G. Calle (USP: University of São Paulo)H-Index: 6
view all 4 authors...
Abstract The deformation of a ring under axial compression is analyzed in order to estimate a favorable ring specimen geometry capable of limiting the influence of friction on the stress–strain curve obtained from SHPB tests. The analysis shows that the use of a ring specimen with a large inner diameter and a small radial thickness offers some advantages comparing with the traditional disk sample. In particular, it can improve the reliability of the test results for ductile materials in the pres...
32 CitationsSource
#1J.G. CarrilloH-Index: 10
#2Ricardo GamboaH-Index: 8
Last. P.I. Gonzalez-ChiH-Index: 1
view all 4 authors...
Abstract The ballistic behavior of multi-layer Kevlar ® aramid fabric/polypropylene (PP) composite laminate (CL) and plain layered aramid fabric (AF) impact specimens was investigated. It was found that the thermoplastic PP matrix increases the ballistic performance of CL targets when compared to AF targets with similar areal density, resulting in less aramid fabric needed to obtain the same level of protection when the PP matrix is incorporated. It was found that the improved ballistic performa...
78 CitationsSource
#1Chengcheng Gao (SCUT: South China University of Technology)H-Index: 5
#1Chengcheng Gao (SCUT: South China University of Technology)H-Index: 10
Last. Ling Chen (SCUT: South China University of Technology)H-Index: 54
view all 4 authors...
Abstract This paper reviews the development of single-polymer or self-reinforced composites (SRCs), including the fundamental sciences such as design principles and mechanisms, as well as their preparation techniques and potential application areas. The advantages of such SRC systems include the ability to achieve excellent interfaces between components, their pure chemical functionality, and their higher value as recyclable products due to their relative homogeneity compared to composites compo...
121 CitationsSource
Cited By17
Newest
#1Jiuzhou Zhao (HIT: Harbin Institute of Technology)H-Index: 2
#2Licheng Guo (HIT: Harbin Institute of Technology)H-Index: 26
Last. Zhixing Li (HIT: Harbin Institute of Technology)H-Index: 1
view all 6 authors...
Abstract The in-plane dynamic compressive behavior of a 2D twill weave carbon fiber reinforced composite was investigated using the split Hopkinson pressure bar (SHPB) apparatus. Constant strain rate loading was achieved with the adoption of pulse shapers within the experiments. A non-dimensional parameter was adopted to verify the stress equilibrium state of the specimens, which ensured the effectiveness of the experimental results. The upper limit of constant strain rate for the composite, whi...
Source
#2Ademir J. Zattera (UCS: University of Caxias do Sul)H-Index: 29
Last. Bluma G. Soares (UFRJ: Federal University of Rio de Janeiro)H-Index: 40
view all 4 authors...
Source
#1Shiyu WangH-Index: 1
#2Lihua Wen (NPU: Northwestern Polytechnical University)H-Index: 8
Last. Jun LiangH-Index: 1
view all 6 authors...
The dynamic mechanical response of high-performance thermoplastic composites over a wide range of strain rates is a challenging research topic for extreme environmental survivability in the field of aerospace engineering. This paper investigates the evolution of the dynamic properties of woven thermoplastic composites with strain rate and damage process at elevated temperatures. Out-of-plane dynamic-compression tests of glass-fiber (GF)- and carbon-fiber (CF)-reinforced polyphenylene sulfide (PP...
Source
#1José Gonilha (IST: Instituto Superior Técnico)H-Index: 12
#2Nuno Silvestre (IST: Instituto Superior Técnico)H-Index: 44
Last. David Martins (IST: Instituto Superior Técnico)H-Index: 3
view all 5 authors...
Abstract This paper presents a novel progressive failure model for the 3D simulations of pultruded FRP structures which allows the modelling of the laminates as a homogeneous material. The failure initiation model proposed requires only the strength in each direction as input, combining them to retrieve in-plane and out-of-plane failure indexes. The damage propagation model can be divided in two main stages: (i) damage progression and (ii) constant stress beyond a limit strain. The former stage ...
2 CitationsSource
#1Konstantinos Karvanis (Tomas Bata University in Zlín)H-Index: 2
#2Soňa Rusnáková (Tomas Bata University in Zlín)H-Index: 3
Last. Alena Kalendova (Tomas Bata University in Zlín)H-Index: 9
view all 4 authors...
Source
#2Tomasz SadowskiH-Index: 49
Last. Alexis RusinekH-Index: 29
view all 3 authors...
Abstract PMC (Polymer Matrix Composites), in addition to static loads, can also be exposed to dynamic loads as a result of impacts. Aircraft or cars are particularly vulnerable to this type of loading, where small objects, e.g. pebbles, sand grains, and metal debris may hit. Such loads can cause cracking or lead to complete damage. Therefore, the paper presents research results for the most commonly used polymer composite reinforced with glass fibers (GFRP). For GFRP samples, hand lay-up laminat...
Source
#1Shiyu Wang (NPU: Northwestern Polytechnical University)H-Index: 1
#2Lihua Wen (NPU: Northwestern Polytechnical University)H-Index: 8
Last. Jun Liang (BIT: Beijing Institute of Technology)H-Index: 1
view all 5 authors...
Abstract High-strain-rate compression experiments are conducted on woven carbon fabric/polyphenylene sulfide (CF/PPS) composites in the in-plane and out-of-plane directions at different temperatures (23 °C, 95 °C and 125 °C) with a Split Hopkinson Pressure Bar (SHPB) apparatus. Macro-fracture micrographs were used to understand the failure modes. Experimental results indicate that the behavior of CF/PPS composites have strong strain rate and temperature dependence. The in-plane compressive stren...
2 CitationsSource
#1Aswani Kumar Bandaru (IITD: Indian Institute of Technology Delhi)H-Index: 12
#2Hemant Chouhan (IITD: Indian Institute of Technology Delhi)H-Index: 9
Last. Naresh Bhatnagar (IITD: Indian Institute of Technology Delhi)H-Index: 32
view all 3 authors...
Abstract In this study, the influence of hybridization on the compression response of thermoplastic matrix-based composites under high strain rate loading was investigated. The intra-ply and inter-ply hybrid composites were manufactured with Kevlar/Basalt yarns as the reinforcements with Polypropylene as a matrix. Cylindrical composite specimens were laser cut from the flat compression moulded laminates. The composite specimens were loaded under high strain rate using split-Hopkinson pressure ba...
16 CitationsSource
#1Przemysław Golewski (Lublin University of Technology)H-Index: 15
#2Alexis Rusinek (CNRS: Centre national de la recherche scientifique)H-Index: 29
Last. Tomasz Sadowski (Lublin University of Technology)H-Index: 49
view all 3 authors...
Polymer matrix composites (PMC), despite their many advantages, have limited use at elevated temperatures. To expand the scope of their uses, it becomes necessary to use thermal barrier coatings (TBC). In addition to elevated temperatures, composite structures, and thus TBC barriers, can be exposed to damage from impacts of foreign objects. Therefore, before using the thermal barrier in practice, knowledge about its behavior under high-speed loads is necessary. The paper presents results for sam...
2 CitationsSource
#1Carolina RamirezH-Index: 1
#2Vitor Luiz ReisH-Index: 2
Last. Miguel BaltazarH-Index: 2
view all 9 authors...
1 CitationsSource