Influences on the occurrence of abomasal displacements in German Holstein cows

Published on Oct 1, 2001in Deutsche Tierarztliche Wochenschrift
Estimated H-index: 1
V Wolf1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Hochschule Hannover)
+ 1 AuthorsOttmar Distl31
Estimated H-index: 31
: The objectives of this study were to analyse risk factors for the prevalence of abomasal displacement in German Holstein cows. In the period from 02/01/1999 to 01/31/2000 five veterinary surgeons in Northern Lower Saxony registered all cases of abomasal displacement in German Holstein cows being under the official milk recording scheme. In total, the investigation included 160 farms and 9315 cows. An abomasal displacement was registered in 151 German Holstein cows, corresponding to a frequency of 1.6%. More than 75% of the abomasal displacements appeared during the first 30 days after calving. The left abomasal displacement (74.8%) was recorded more often than the right abomasal displacement (25.2%). Milk recording and pedigree data were supplied by the VIT (Vereinigte Informationssystem Tierhaltung), Verden, and merged with the own recordings. The influences of the calving month, the lactation number, the age at calving, the inbreeding coefficient, calving performance, duration of pregnancy, breed of calf sire, calf sire and the breeding values for the milk performance did not explain a significant part of the variation of the frequency of the abomasal displacement. Significant effects of the sire, birth of twins or even more calves and the herd were obtained for the leftsided abomasal displacement. For the rightsided abomasal displacement and for all abomasal displacements the herd effect was not significant. Heritability estimates using bivariate linear REML models were h2 = 0.043 +/- 0.012 for the leftsided abomasal displacement, and h2 = 0.007 +/- 0.004 for the rightsided abomasal displacement, respectively. Using the threshold model the heritabilities yielded estimates of h2 = 0.51 for the left abomasal displacement, and for the right abomasal displacement of h2 = 0.19, respectively.
📖 Papers frequently viewed together
33 Citations
55 Citations
1 Author (DH Stewart)
1 Citations
Cited By13
#1V. Tsiamadis (A.U.Th.: Aristotle University of Thessaloniki)H-Index: 2
#2Georgios Banos (A.U.Th.: Aristotle University of Thessaloniki)H-Index: 31
Last. Georgios E. Valergakis (A.U.Th.: Aristotle University of Thessaloniki)H-Index: 10
view all 6 authors...
Abstract The main objective of this study was to assess the genetic parameters of subclinical disorders associated with subclinical hypocalcemia, hypophosphatemia, subclinical hypomagnesemia, hypokalemia, and hyperphosphatemia, as well as major clinical diseases after calving in Holstein cows. The secondary objective was to estimate the associated genetic and phenotypic correlations among these subclinical and clinical conditions after calving in Holstein cows. The study was conducted in 9dairy ...
9 CitationsSource
#1Fenja KlevenhusenH-Index: 16
#2Elke HumerH-Index: 15
Last. Qendrim ZebeliH-Index: 32
view all 6 authors...
Left displaced abomasum (LDA) is a severe metabolic disease of cattle with a strong negative impact on production efficiency of dairy farms. Metabolic and inflammatory alterations associated with this disease have been reported in earlier studies, conducted mostly in large dairy farms. This research aimed to: (1) evaluate metabolic and inflammatory responses in dairy cows affected by LDA in small-scaled dairy farms; and (2) establish an Animals 2015, 5 1022 association between lactation number a...
4 CitationsSource
#2Igor Garcia MottaH-Index: 4
Last. Márcio Garcia Ribeiro (UNESP: Sao Paulo State University)H-Index: 21
view all 10 authors...
O deslocamento do abomaso caracteriza-se pela patologia mais frequente do trato gastro intestinal dos ruminantes, representa a principal causa de cirurgia abdominal em vacas de leite de alta producao, comumente diagnosticada no periodo pos-parto inicial. Os fatores predisponentes sao atribuidos as falhas no manejo nutricional na fase de transicao, onde ocorre o fornecimento de dieta rica em energia, altamente fermentavel e deficiente em fibras. Desta forma, os movimentos abomasais serao reduzido...
#1Stefano Biffani (International Business Broker's Association)H-Index: 14
#2N. Morandi (University of Milan)H-Index: 7
Last. Filippo BiscariniH-Index: 19
view all 8 authors...
Left displacement of the abomasum (LDA) is a frequent disease in Holstein-Friesian cattle with a big economic impact in dairy farms. LDA is a multi-factorial disease and genetics is known to play a role (low to moderate estimated heritability). It is therefore of interest to look for genetic polymorphisms associated with LDA in order to find involved genes and clarify the pathogenesis of the condition. In a population of 62 Italian Holstein-Friesian cows, LDA cases and SNP genotypes were recorde...
7 CitationsSource
#1S. Mömke (University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna)H-Index: 9
Last. Ottmar DistlH-Index: 31
view all 6 authors...
Abstract Left-sided displacement of the abomasum (LDA) is one of the most common disorders of the digestive system in many dairy breeds and particularly in Holstein dairy cows. We performed a genome-wide association study for 854 German Holstein cows, including 225 cases and 629 controls. All cows were genotyped using the Illumina Bovine SNP50 BeadChip (Illumina Inc., San Diego, CA). After quality control of genotypes, a total of 36,226 informative single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) were left...
13 CitationsSource
#1S. MömkeH-Index: 9
#2Marlene Sickinger (University of Giessen)H-Index: 5
Last. Ottmar DistlH-Index: 31
view all 5 authors...
Left-sided displacement of the abomasum (LDA) is a common disease in many dairy cattle breeds. A genome-wide screen for QTL for LDA in German Holstein (GH) cows indicated motilin (MLN) as a candidate gene on bovine chromosome 23. Genomic DNA sequence analysis of MLN revealed a total of 32 polymorphisms. All informative polymorphisms used for association analyses in a random sample of 1,136 GH cows confirmed MLN as a candidate for LDA. A single nucleotide polymorphism ({"type":"entrez-nucleotide"...
10 CitationsSource
#1E. GernandH-Index: 5
#2P. Rehbein (University of Kassel)H-Index: 1
Last. S. König (University of Kassel)H-Index: 13
view all 4 authors...
Abstract Test-day records for protein yield, protein percent, fat percent and somatic cell score combined with diagnoses for health traits from 19,870 Holstein cows kept in 9 large-scale contract herds in the region of Thuringia, Germany, were used to infer genetic parameters. From an electronic database system for recording diagnoses, 15 health disorders with highest incidences were extracted and grouped into the following 5 disease categories: claw disorders, mastitis, female fertility, metabo...
56 CitationsSource
#1Klaus Doll (University of Giessen)H-Index: 10
#2Marlene Sickinger (University of Giessen)H-Index: 5
Last. Torsten Seeger (University of Giessen)H-Index: 3
view all 3 authors...
Abstract Impaired abomasal motility and an increased accumulation of gas are prerequisites for displacement of the abomasum in the cow. Predisposing factors are the breed (e.g. Holstein–Friesian, Simmental–Red-Holstein cross breeds and Guernsey), genetic background, twin pregnancy, first weeks of lactation, metabolic disorders (ketosis, increased lipomobilisation, insulin resistance), high-concentrate and low-fibre diets, as well as other concomitant diseases, such as endometritis, mastitis and ...
70 CitationsSource
#1S. MömkeH-Index: 9
Last. Ottmar DistlH-Index: 31
view all 5 authors...
A whole-genome scan using an affected paternal half-sib design was utilized to detect quantitative trait loci (QTL) for left-sided displaced abomasum (LDA) in German Holsteins. A total of 360 animals from 14 paternal half-sib families were genotyped, for a total of 306 polymorphic microsatellites. For a whole-genome scan, 221 markers were equally distributed over all 29 bovine autosomes, with an average distance of 13.7 cM. For fine-mapping, a total of 85 additional microsatellites were used. We...
13 CitationsSource