Serum lipid, leptin, parameters of oxidative stress and PON-1 activity in post-renal transplant patients

Published on Jan 1, 2008in Annales Umcs, Pharmacia
· DOI :10.2478/V10080-008-0067-0
Elżbieta Kimak10
Estimated H-index: 10
,
Janusz Solski13
Estimated H-index: 13
+ 1 AuthorsAndrzej Książek11
Estimated H-index: 11
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Abstract
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Several interpretations have been made regarding the specificity of antiphospholipid antibodies and antibodies against oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL), but these are still controversial. In the present study, we delineated specificity of these two types of antibodies and analyzed their regulatory effect on oxLDL and/or beta(2)-glycoprotein I (beta(2)GPI) binding to macrophages. Scavenger receptormediated binding of oxLDL (or its beta(2)GPI complexes) to macrophages was observed and the ...
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Hyperlipidemias and small dense LDLs in patients with high-triglyceride low-HDL syndromes lead to a prolonged half life of apoB-containing particles. This is associated with reactive oxygen species (ROS) activation and leads to formation of oxidized LDL (Ox-LDL). Generators of ROS in macrophages (MACs) include myeloperoxidase (MPO)-mediated respiratory burst and raft-associated NADPH-oxidase. The intracellular oxidant milieu is involved in cellular signaling pathways, like ion-transport systems,...
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#1Elżbieta Kimak (Medical University of Lublin)H-Index: 10
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Serum levels of lipids and lipoproteins were determined in 98 post-renal transplant fasting patients, and lipids and non-high density lipoprotein-cholesterol (non-HDL-C) and lipid ratios in the same post-renal transplant non-fasting patients were compared. The reference group was 87 healthy subjects. All patients were divided into two groups: patients with dyslipidemia (n = 69) and patients with normolipidemic (n = 29). The post-renal transplant patients (TX) with dyslipidemia had a significantl...
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Paraoxonase-1 (PON1) and HDL are tightly associated in plasma, and this is generally assumed to reflect the need for the enzyme to associate with a hydrophobic complex. The association has been examined in coronary cases and age-matched controls. Highly significant (P < 0.0001), positive associations were observed between PON1 activities and concentrations and HDL-cholesterol and apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I) concentrations in cases and controls. Corrected slopes were significantly different in ca...
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Background. Cardiac transplant recipients frequently have high plasma HDL levels but it is unclear whether these promote a cardioprotective profile. Methods. Parameters of reverse cholesterol transport and endothelial function were compared in 25 cardiac transplant recipients with low ( 1.4 mmol/L; n=14) plasma levels of HDL and in a reference healthy group. Results. Patients with high HDL had lower levels of triglyceride and preβ 1 -HDL and a higher proportion of large HDL particles. When norma...
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Reactive oxygen species (ROS) may participate in atheroma plaque formation, which may be noninvasively diagnosed by Doppler ultrasound of carotid artery. We sought to determine the relationship between the presence of carotid artery lesions and oxidative parameters to identify factors that may influence these lesions in renal transplant patients. Fifty renal transplanted patients with stable renal function and without diabetes mellitus were studied for more than 1 year posttransplantation. Echo ...
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Abstract Hyperlipidemia and increased degree of oxidative stress are among the important risk factors for Atherosclerosis in renal transplant recipients (RTR). The Medical treatment of hyperlipidemia in RTR because of drugs side effects has been problematic, therefore alternative methods such as using of Garlic as an effective material in cholesterol lowering and inhibition of LDL Oxidation has been noted. For evaluation of garlic effect on RTR, 50 renal transplant patients with stable renal fun...
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Reactive oxygen species (ROS) trigger a biomolecular alteration that causes functional and structural changes. In renal transplantation, there is an increase in oxidative phenomena related to endothelial dysfunction, inflammation, and atherosclerosis, the main cause of cardiovascular complications and chronic allograft failure. The present study was designed to assess the oxidative state of transplant patients with stable renal function, in order to establish differences in oxidative, biochemica...
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Disturbances in the metabolism of lipoprotein profiles and oxidative stress in hemodialyzed (HD) and post-renal transplant (Tx) patients are proatherogenic, but elevated concentrations of plasma high-density lipoprotein (HDL) reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease. We investigated the concentrations of lipid, lipoprotein, HDL particle, oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) and anti-ox-LDL, and paraoxonase-1 (PON-1) activity in HD (n=33) and Tx (n=71) patients who were non-smokers without ...
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