DS-8201a, A Novel HER2-Targeting ADC with a Novel DNA Topoisomerase I Inhibitor, Demonstrates a Promising Antitumor Efficacy with Differentiation from T-DM1

Published on Oct 15, 2016in Clinical Cancer Research10.107
· DOI :10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-15-2822
Yusuke Ogitani8
Estimated H-index: 8
(Daiichi Sankyo),
Tetsuo Aida6
Estimated H-index: 6
(Daiichi Sankyo)
+ 13 AuthorsToshinori Agatsuma12
Estimated H-index: 12
(Daiichi Sankyo)
Sources
Abstract
Purpose: An anti-HER2 antibody–drug conjugate with a novel topoisomerase I inhibitor, DS-8201a, was generated as a new antitumor drug candidate, and its preclinical pharmacologic profile was assessed. Experimental Design:In vitro and in vivo pharmacologic activities of DS-8201a were evaluated and compared with T-DM1 in several HER2-positive cell lines and patient-derived xenograft (PDX) models. The mechanism of action for the efficacy was also evaluated. Pharmacokinetics in cynomolgus monkeys and the safety profiles in rats and cynomolgus monkeys were assessed. Results: DS-8201a exhibited a HER2 expression-dependent cell growth–inhibitory activity and induced tumor regression with a single dosing at more than 1 mg/kg in a HER2-positive gastric cancer NCI-N87 model. Binding activity to HER2 and ADCC activity of DS-8201a were comparable with unconjugated anti-HER2 antibody. DS-8201a also showed an inhibitory activity to Akt phosphorylation. DS-8201a induced phosphorylation of Chk1 and Histone H2A.X, the markers of DNA damage. Pharmacokinetics and safety profiles of DS-8201a were favorable and the highest non-severely toxic dose was 30 mg/kg in cynomolgus monkeys, supporting DS-8201a as being well tolerated in humans. DS-8201a was effective in a T-DM1–insensitive PDX model with high HER2 expression. DS-8201a, but not T-DM1, demonstrated antitumor efficacy against several breast cancer PDX models with low HER2 expression. Conclusions: DS-8201a exhibited a potent antitumor activity in a broad selection of HER2-positive models and favorable pharmacokinetics and safety profiles. The results demonstrate that DS-8201a will be a valuable therapy with a great potential to respond to T-DM1–insensitive HER2-positive cancers and low HER2–expressing cancers. Clin Cancer Res; 22(20); 5097–108. ©2016 AACR.
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