Masculine honor beliefs: Measurement and correlates

Published on May 1, 2016in Personality and Individual Differences
· DOI :10.1016/J.PAID.2015.12.049
Donald A. Saucier20
Estimated H-index: 20
(KSU: Kansas State University),
Amanda J. Stanford1
Estimated H-index: 1
(KSU: Kansas State University)
+ 5 AuthorsMason D. Burns5
Estimated H-index: 5
(KSU: Kansas State University)
Abstract Masculine honor, particularly as defined by the Southern culture of honor, centers on the belief that aggression is sometimes justifiable and necessary, such as in response to insult or threat. While masculine honor has been examined in terms of cultural differences, it has been less often examined in terms of individual differences. We developed a measure of masculine honor beliefs (MHBS) inspired by research on the Southern culture of honor. Four studies showed that the MHBS demonstrated internal consistency, test–retest reliability, convergent validity with measures of trait aggression and sexism, discriminant validity from measures of social desirability, conservatism and self-esteem, and predictive and incremental validity in predicting reactions to honor-related provocation above and beyond participants' sex and other measures of honor beliefs. The MHBS allows masculine honor beliefs to be examined as an important factor in understanding men's motivations for aggressive behavior, particularly in response to provocation.
📖 Papers frequently viewed together
649 Citations
14 Citations
331 Citations
#1Donald A. Saucier (KSU: Kansas State University)H-Index: 20
#2Derrick F. Till (KSU: Kansas State University)H-Index: 3
Last. Emma B. Andres (KSU: Kansas State University)H-Index: 2
view all 5 authors...
Abstract We examined the manifestation and effects of slurs against men and masculinity. In Study 1, we created a taxonomy of slurs against men and masculinity. In Study 2, we established that men may respond with physical aggression when targeted by these slurs. In Study 3, we demonstrated that slurs in different categories of our taxonomy produce varying levels of perceived offensiveness and likelihoods of aggressive responses. Finally, in Study 4, we showed that men's masculine honor beliefs ...
28 CitationsSource
#1Donald A. Saucier (KSU: Kansas State University)H-Index: 20
#2Megan L. Strain (UNK: University of Nebraska at Kearney)H-Index: 8
Last. Jessica L. McManus (Carroll College)H-Index: 5
view all 4 authors...
Abstract. Masculine honor consists of stereotypic beliefs about male behavior, including the belief that men’s aggression is appropriate, justifiable, and necessary in response to provocation, especially provocation that insults or threatens one’s manhood, family, or romantic partner. We conducted two studies examining the relationships between stereotypic masculine honor beliefs and perceptions of rape. Masculine honor beliefs generally were associated with both negative attitudes toward rape a...
18 CitationsSource
#1Collin D. Barnes (Hillsdale College)H-Index: 9
#2Ryan P. Brown (OU: University of Oklahoma)H-Index: 5
Last. Lindsey L. Osterman (OU: University of Oklahoma)H-Index: 7
view all 3 authors...
Using both college students and a national sample of adults, the authors report evidence linking the ideology of masculine honor in the U.S. with militant responses to terrorism. In Study 1, individuals’ honor ideology endorsement predicted, among other outcomes, open-ended hostile responses to a fictitious attack on the Statue of Liberty and support for the use of extreme counterterrorism measures (e.g., severe interrogations), controlling for right-wing authoritarianism, social dominance orien...
66 CitationsSource
#1Collin D. Barnes (OU: University of Oklahoma)H-Index: 9
#2Ryan P. Brown (OU: University of Oklahoma)H-Index: 29
Last. Michael Tamborski (OU: University of Oklahoma)H-Index: 8
view all 3 authors...
Two studies examined the hypothesis that the culture of honor would be associated with heightened risk taking, presumably because risky behaviors provide social proof of strength and fearlessness. ...
46 CitationsSource
#1Lindsey L. Osterman (OU: University of Oklahoma)H-Index: 7
#2Ryan P. Brown (OU: University of Oklahoma)H-Index: 29
Last. Ryan P. Brown (OU: University of Oklahoma)H-Index: 5
view all 2 authors...
Cultures of honor facilitate certain forms of interpersonal violence. The authors suggest that these cultures might also promote values and expectations that could heighten suicide risk, such as strict gender-role standards and hypersensitivity to reputational threats, which could lead people living in such cultures to consider death as an option when failure occurs or reputation is threatened sufficiently. Study 1 shows that, controlling for a host of statewide covariates, honor states in the U...
54 CitationsSource
#1Ryan P. Brown (OU: University of Oklahoma)H-Index: 29
Last. Collin D. BarnesH-Index: 9
view all 3 authors...
We investigated the hypothesis that a sociocultural variable known as the culture of honor would be uniquely predictive of school-violence indicators. Controlling for demographic characteristics associated in previous studies with violent crime among adults, we found that high-school students in culture-of-honor states were significantly more likely than high-school students in non-culture-of honor states to report having brought a weapon to school in the past month. Using data aggregated over a...
76 CitationsSource
#1Joseph A. Vandello (USF: University of South Florida)H-Index: 26
#2Dov Cohen (UIUC: University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign)H-Index: 33
Last. Renae Franiuk (Aurora University)H-Index: 8
view all 4 authors...
Cultural values emphasizing female loyalty, sacrifice, and male honor may indirectly sanction relationship violence and reward women who remain in abusive relationships. Two studies compare participants from subcultures emphasizing honor (Latinos and southern Anglos in Study 1, Chileans in Study 2) and subcultures without strong honor traditions (northern U.S. Anglos in Study 1, Anglo-Canadians in Study 2). In Study 1, participants watch a videotape of a woman describing an abusive relationship....
73 CitationsSource
#1Christopher P. Barlett (KSU: Kansas State University)H-Index: 24
#2Richard Jackson Harris (KSU: Kansas State University)H-Index: 32
Last. Ross Baldassaro (KSU: Kansas State University)H-Index: 2
view all 3 authors...
::::::::::::: :::::::::::::::: :::::::::::: This study investigated the effects of video game play on aggression. Using the General Aggression Model, as applied to video games by Anderson and Bushman, [2002] this study measured physiological arousal, state hostility, and how aggressively participants would respond to three hypothetical scenarios. In addition, this study measured each of these variables multiple times to gauge how aggression would change with increased video game play. Results sh...
91 CitationsSource
#2Alexander L. JanusH-Index: 7
Last. Jessica Hoffmann DavisH-Index: 5
view all 3 authors...
583 Citations
#1Colin Loftin (SUNY: State University of New York System)H-Index: 24
#2David McDowall (SUNY: State University of New York System)H-Index: 32
In 1998, Cohen described a study showing that in the United States, regionally distributed culture controls the direction of the relationship between social stability and homicide rates. In the South and West, where, according to Cohen, there is a culture of honor, strong community and family bonds increase honor-related violence. Conversely, in the North, where the culture of honor is rare, strong social bonds restrain violence of all kinds. This article describes a reanalysis using Cohen's dat...
20 CitationsSource
Cited By29
#1Oliver Curry (University of Oxford)H-Index: 18
#2Mark Alfano (Macquarie University)H-Index: 16
Last. Christine Pelican (University of Oxford)H-Index: 1
view all 4 authors...
What is morality? How many moral values are there? And what are they? According to the theory of morality-as-cooperation, morality is a collection of biological and cultural solutions to the problems of cooperation recurrent in human social life. This theory predicts that there will be as many different types of morality as there are different types of cooperation. Previous research, drawing on evolutionary game theory, has identified at least seven different types of cooperation, and used them ...
2 CitationsSource
#1Aaron L. Pomerantz (OU: University of Oklahoma)H-Index: 1
#2Kevin R. Bell (OU: University of Oklahoma)
Last. Peyton Schow (OU: University of Oklahoma)
view all 6 authors...
Research indicates that police legitimacy is a function of how well police officers subscribe to community values, norms, and beliefs. Because such perceptions are likely to be culturally derived, the influence of culture on shaping community expectations for and responses to police brutality and violence should be examined. One specific cultural framework worthy of examination is honor ideology, as it values instrumental violence and aggression in defense of reputation, as well as the perceptio...
#1Maria-Jose Sanchez-Ruiz (Lebanese American University)H-Index: 11
#2Perla El Ahmad (Lebanese American University)
Last. Marie Adele Saliba (Lebanese American University)
view all 4 authors...
Abstract The acceptance of rape myths persists at varying levels across societies, which creates a hostile environment in which rape is justified and victims are blamed for being assaulted. This study investigated experience and familiarity with sexual assault, the Dark Triad traits, and gender-based beliefs benevolent and hostile sexism, and masculine honor beliefs as predictors of rape myth acceptance in a Lebanese sample consisting of 311 participants (177 women). Men scored significantly hig...
1 CitationsSource
#1Ashley A. Schiffer (KSU: Kansas State University)H-Index: 1
#2Conor J. O'Dea (Union College)H-Index: 1
Last. Donald A. Saucier (KSU: Kansas State University)H-Index: 20
view all 3 authors...
Given that individual differences influence virus-mitigating behaviors and the COVID-19 pandemic posed new moral dilemmas for individuals to resolve, across three studies (N = 704), we assessed how masculine honor beliefs (MHB), beliefs in pure good (BPG), evil (BPE), and the dark triad (DT) influence COVID-19 moral decision-making. Specifically, we analyzed moral decision-making at the microlevel (i.e., individual- and familial-level; Study 1), in decisions with (hypothetical) life-or-death con...
3 CitationsSource
#1Steven T. Chalman (KSU: Kansas State University)H-Index: 1
#2Conor J. O'Dea (Skidmore College)H-Index: 8
Last. Donald A. Saucier (KSU: Kansas State University)H-Index: 20
view all 4 authors...
Abstract Research on masculine honor beliefs (MHB) has shown that MHB are associated with more positive perceptions of men who respond aggressively to threats and insults, but more negative perceptions of men who ignore threats and insults. Problematically, all previous theoretical research has assumed these expectations do not apply to women and, as such, no previous research has examined perceptions of women who confront an insulting or threatening individual. Across three studies (total N = 1...
1 CitationsSource
#1Alain Van Hiel (UGent: Ghent University)H-Index: 53
#2Emma Onraet (UGent: Ghent University)H-Index: 12
Last. Arne Roets (UGent: Ghent University)H-Index: 28
view all 7 authors...
Many studies have investigated the relationship between ideological attitudes and aggressive tendencies. The present meta-analytic integration of research on this relationship included data of 177 ...
#1N. Pontus Leander (UG: University of Groningen)H-Index: 11
#2Maximilian Agostini (UG: University of Groningen)H-Index: 5
Last. Arie W. Kruglanski (UMD: University of Maryland, College Park)H-Index: 105
view all 9 authors...
When thwarted goals increase endorsement of violence, it may not always reflect antisocial tendencies or some breakdown of self-regulation per se; such responses can also reflect an active process of self-regulation, whose purpose is to comply with the norms of one's social environment. In the present experiments (total N = 2,145), the causal link between thwarted goals and endorsement of violent means (guns and war) was found to be contingent on perceptions that violence is normatively valued. ...
4 CitationsSource
#1Evelyn Stratmoen (KSU: Kansas State University)H-Index: 3
#2Emilio D. Rivera (UW: University of Wyoming)
Last. Donald A. Saucier (KSU: Kansas State University)H-Index: 20
view all 3 authors...
We examined the relationships between masculine honor beliefs (MHB) and women’s endorsement of various rejection-related behaviors, as well as both men’s and women’s perceptions of men’s aggressive...
#1Lucía Estevan-Reina (UGR: University of Granada)H-Index: 1
#2Soledad de Lemus (UGR: University of Granada)H-Index: 15
Last. Jesús L. Megías (UGR: University of Granada)H-Index: 14
view all 3 authors...
The role of men in fighting gender inequality is a controversial issue. Literature has shown that advantaged group members can promote social change but also perpetuate status quo. We conducted three studies to examine two motivational processes that may lead men to confront sexism: an egalitarian path and a paternalistic one. Studies 1–3 revealed that men high in benevolent sexism were more willing to confront sexism for paternalistic reasons, whereas Studies 2–3 found that men high in feminist...
5 CitationsSource