Intestinal alkaline phosphatase: a summary of its role in clinical disease.

Published on May 1, 2016in Journal of Surgical Research1.841
· DOI :10.1016/J.JSS.2015.12.008
Jason Fawley9
Estimated H-index: 9
(Children's Hospital of Wisconsin),
David M. Gourlay21
Estimated H-index: 21
(Children's Hospital of Wisconsin)
Over the past few years, there is increasing evidence implicating a novel role for Intestinal Alkaline Phosphatase (IAP) in mitigating inflammatory mediated disorders. IAP is an endogenous protein expressed by the intestinal epithelium that is believed to play a vital role in maintaining gut homeostasis. Loss of IAP expression or function is associated with increased intestinal inflammation, dysbiosis, bacterial translocation and subsequently systemic inflammation. As these events are a cornerstone of the pathophysiology of many diseases relevant to surgeons, we sought to review recent research in both animal and humans on IAP's physiologic function, mechanisms of action and current research in specific surgical diseases.
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