Sexual Orientation and Borderline Personality Disorder Features in a Community Sample of Adolescents.

Published on Oct 5, 2016in Journal of Personality Disorders3.132
路 DOI :10.1521/PEDI_2015_29_224
Tyson R. Reuter7
Estimated H-index: 7
(UH: University of Houston),
Carla Sharp59
Estimated H-index: 59
(UH: University of Houston)
+ 2 AuthorsJeffrey Temple39
Estimated H-index: 39
(UTMB: University of Texas Medical Branch)
Sources
Abstract
Empirical literature demonstrates that sexual minorities are at an increased risk of developing psychopathology, including borderline personality disorder (BPD). The specific link between sexual orientation and BPD has received significantly less attention in youth, and it remains unclear what drives this relation. Given that there are higher rates of psychopathology in both sexual minorities and individuals with BPD, the present study aimed to determine if sexual orientation uniquely contributes to borderline personality pathology, controlling for other psychopathology. An ethnically diverse sample of 835 adolescents completed self-report measures of borderline features, depression, anxiety, and sexual orientation. Sexual minorities scored higher on borderline features compared to heterosexual adolescents. When controlling for depression and anxiety, sexual orientation remained significantly associated with borderline features. The relation between sexual orientation and BPD cannot fully be explained by other psychopathology. Future research is necessary to understand potential mechanisms underlying this relation. Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a severe psychiatric condition characterized by extreme dysregulation across affective, behavioral, cognitive, and interpersonal domains of functioning. Hallmarks of the disorder include intense anger, identity disturbance, stormy interpersonal relationships, impulsive behavior, and frantic efforts to avoid real and perceived abandonment (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). Prevalence is relatively high, with estimates of one to two percent in community samples (Grant et al., 2008) and approximately one in ten psychiatric outpatients and one in five inpatients, with a greater proportion being female (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). BPD is a pervasive and lifelong disorder with high traditional Axis I comorbidity (Grant et al., 2008; Zanarini et al., 1998),
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#1Tyson R. Reuter (UH: University of Houston)H-Index: 7
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Purpose To examine substance use and mental health disparities between sexual minority girls and heterosexual girls.
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The first aim of this study was to describe reported sexual orientation in a group of adolescents diagnosed with borderline personality disorder compared to a group of psychiatrically healthy adolescents. The second purpose was to compare data on dating and gender of dating partners in the same two groups. Two semistructured interviews, which assessed sexual orientation, dating history, and gender of dating partners, were administered to 104 borderline adolescents and 60 psychiatrically healthy ...
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Aim Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a severe mental disorder that is characterized by unstable relationships, impulsive behaviours and identity disturbance. BPD usually has its onset between puberty and young adulthood and presents disproportionately among females in clinical settings. Taken together, this makes young women with BPD a particularly vulnerable group with regard to healthy psychosexual development. It was hypothesized that female youth with BPD pathology would be more like...
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Studies among adult patients have found that subthreshold borderline personality disorder (BPD) features are associated with elevated psychosocial morbidity compared with patients with no BPD features. However, the clinical significance of subthreshold features of BPD has not been investigated among real-world patients during the clinical emergence of the disorder, which is usually between puberty and emerging adulthood. This study aimed to replicate and extend previous research by comparing out...
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