State of the Art of CT Detectors and Sources: A Literature Review

Published on Feb 1, 2013in Current Radiology Reports
· DOI :10.1007/S40134-012-0006-4
Efrat Shefer3
Estimated H-index: 3
Ami Altman9
Estimated H-index: 9
(ATC: Advanced Technology Center)
+ 7 AuthorsOren Zarchin1
Estimated H-index: 1
(ATC: Advanced Technology Center)
The three CT components with the greatest impact on image quality are the X-ray source, detection system and reconstruction algorithms. In this paper, we focus on the first two. We describe the state-of-the-art of CT detection systems, their calibrations, software corrections and common performance metrics. The components of CT detection systems, such as scintillator materials, photodiodes, data acquisition electronics and anti-scatter grids, are discussed. Their impact on CT image quality, their most important characteristics, as well as emerging future technology trends for each, are reviewed. The use of detection for multi-energy CT imaging is described. An overview of current CT X-ray sources, their evolution to support major trends in CT imaging and future trends is provided.
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