A paraganglioma in a hypertensive patient with unilateral renal hypoplasia.

Published on Jan 1, 2015in Acta Medica Okayama0.642
· DOI :10.18926/AMO/53341
Tomohiro Terasaka10
Estimated H-index: 10
(Okayama University),
Hideharu Hagiya13
Estimated H-index: 13
+ 7 AuthorsFumio Otsuka35
Estimated H-index: 35
Sources
Abstract
We report the case of a 46-year-old hypertensive Japanese female with renal insufficiency related to unilateral renal hypoplasia. The patient was found to have developed paraganglioma in the retroperitoneal space over a 5-year period. Catecholamine-producing tumors are not usually recognized as conditions associated with renal hypoplasia. Our long-term observation of the patient eventually led us to the diagnosis of paraganglioma. In hypertensive patients with chronic kidney disease, not only the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system but also catecholamine activity may be involved, particularly in the patients whose cases are complicated with unilateral renal hypoplasia.
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#1Patricia L. M. Dahia (University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio)H-Index: 54
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#1Yatsuka Hibi (Fujita Health University)H-Index: 6
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Accumulating evidences suggest RET gene’s involvement in development of the kidney in mice and humans. Although it is well known that RET mutation causes multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2A (MEN2A), thus far only 3 individuals have been reported to have MEN2A and renal agenesis/dysgenesis. We report a MEN2A family with RET mutation in which two asymptomatic carriers presented with unilateral renal agenesis. A 48-year-old woman underwent total thyroidectomy with regional lymph node dissection in...
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Pheochromocytoma (PCC) and abdominal paraganglioma (PGL) are neuroendocrine tumors that present with clinical symptoms related to increased catecholamine levels. About a third of the cases are associated with constitutional mutations in pre-disposing genes, of which some may also be somatically mutated in sporadic cases. However, little is known about inactivating epigenetic events through promoter methylation in these very genes. Using bisulphite pyrosequencing we assessed the methylation densi...
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#1S. R. Galan (University of Marburg)H-Index: 1
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: Although most pheochromocytomas (PCCs) and paragangliomas (PGLs) are sporadic, molecular genetic medicine has revealed that a considerable number of patients with apparently sporadic PCC actually have a genetic predisposition to the development of these tumors. After decades of intensive research, several genes are now known to play an important role in the pathogenesis of PCC. At present, these are RET proto-oncogene, von Hippel-Lindau disease tumor suppressor gene (VHL), neurofibromatosis ty...
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Purpose The pathological diagnosis of malignancy in pheochromocytomas remains a controversial issue. According to the WHO, malignancy is defined in the presence of metastasis. Multiparameter scoring systems such as PASS (Pheochromocytoma of Adrenal gland Scaled Score) have been used but remain controversial. The aim of this study was to search for new immunohistologic elements allowing determination of pheochromocytoma malignancy.
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#1Mologni L (University of Milano-Bicocca)H-Index: 1
Abstract RET (Rearranged during Transfection) is a transmembrane tyrosine kinase expressed in central and peripheral nervous system and neural crest-derived cells and acts as a co-receptor of GDNF family neurotrophic factor in complex with GRFα family proteins. RET protein comprises an extracellular portion with four cadherine-like domains and a cysteine- rich region important for intermolecular interactions; a hydrophobic transmembrane domain; an intracellular part comprising the juxtamembrane ...
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Abstract Purpose: The aim of this study was to develop an optimal treatment plan for coexisting pheochromocytoma and renal artery stenosis. Methods: A retrospective analysis of the evaluation and management of a hypertensive 14-year-old boy was conducted. Results: Secondary causes of hypertension were excluded initially including intracranial, cardiac, and endocrine abnormalities. A renal scan showed right renal function at 39%. Angiography confirmed a 90% subsegmental stenosis, as well as notin...
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The tyrosine kinase receptor Ret is expressed in the ureteric bud and is required for normal renal development. Constitutive loss of Ret, its co-receptor gfrα-1, or the ligand glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor results in renal agenesis. Transgenic embryos that express a constitutively active form of Ret (RetMEN2B) under the control of the dopamine-β-hydroxylase (DβH) promoter develop profound neuroglial hyperplasia of their sympathetic ganglia and adrenal medullae. Embryos from two ind...
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