The shocking pink dragon millipede, Desmoxytes purpurosea, a colourful new species from Thailand (Diplopoda: Polydesmida: Paradoxosomatidae)

Published on Aug 29, 2007in Zootaxa0.99
· DOI :10.11646/ZOOTAXA.1563.1.3
Henrik Enghoff18
Estimated H-index: 18
(Wild Center),
Chirasak Sutcharit12
Estimated H-index: 12
(Chula: Chulalongkorn University),
Somsak Panha15
Estimated H-index: 15
(Chula: Chulalongkorn University)
Sources
Abstract
A shocking pink, very spiny new species of “dragon millipede”, Desmoxytes purpurosea sp.n., is described from Thailand, Uthaithani province. Its behaviour suggests that its colouration is aposematic, like that of some bright red congeners. Relations of the new species to congeners are discussed.
📖 Papers frequently viewed together
2010
2 Authors (Anh D. Nguyen, ..., Petra Sierwald)
3 Citations
2005
3 Authors (Nguyen Anh, ..., A Anichkin)
6 Citations
2010
8 Citations
References3
Newest
Three unusual new Paradoxosomatidae are described from tropical north Queensland. Desmoxytoides hasenpuschorum n. gen., n. sp. closely resembles the dragon millipedes Desmoxytes of southeast Asia, but differs in gonopod details. Tholerosoma monteithi n. gen., n. sp. and T. corrugatum n. sp. are remarkable for their tightly attached coating of soil particles.
7 CitationsSource
#1Nguyen AnhH-Index: 1
#2S GolovatchH-Index: 1
Last. A AnichkinH-Index: 1
view all 3 authors...
6 Citations
#1T. EisnerH-Index: 1
#2D. AlsopH-Index: 4
Last. J. MeinwaldH-Index: 1
view all 4 authors...
The millipeds, comprising the arthropodan class Diplopoda, are a relatively uniform and unspectacular lot. Generally slow and sluggish despite their many legs, they are for the most part furtive vegetarian scavengers, active primarily at night. Only about 7500 species have been described (KAESTNER, 1968). In a numerical sense, therefore, and certainly relative to the insects, they represent one of the less successful experiments in terrestrial arthropodan evolution. But in another sense they are...
101 CitationsSource
Cited By11
Newest
#1Ruttapon Srisonchai (Chula: Chulalongkorn University)H-Index: 4
#2Henrik Enghoff (Wild Center)H-Index: 18
Last. Somsak Panha (Chula: Chulalongkorn University)H-Index: 15
view all 4 authors...
: The dragon millipede genus Desmoxytes s.l. is split into five genera, based on morphological characters and preliminary molecular phylogenetic analyses. The present article includes a review of Desmoxytes s.s., while future articles will deal with Hylomus Cook and Loomis, 1924 and three new genera which preliminarily are referred to as the 'acantherpestes', 'gigas', and 'spiny' groups. Diagnostic morphological characters of each group are discussed. Hylomus is resurrected as a valid genus and ...
11 CitationsSource
#2Henrik EnghoffH-Index: 18
Last. Somsak PanhaH-Index: 15
view all 4 authors...
: Nine new species constituting the 'spiny' group of dragon millipedes are assigned to the new genus Spinaxytes Srisonchai, Enghoff & Panha, gen. n. Seven new species are described from Thailand: S.biloba Srisonchai, Enghoff & Panha, sp. n. and S.palmata Srisonchai, Enghoff & Panha, sp. n. from Surat Thani Province, S.hasta Srisonchai, Enghoff & Panha, sp. n. from Chumphon Province, S.krabiensis Srisonchai, Enghoff & Panha, sp. n. (type species) and S.sutchariti Srisonchai, Enghoff & Panha, sp. ...
4 CitationsSource
#1Periasamy Alagesan (Yadava College)H-Index: 1
Millipedes, the ancient arthropods which belong to class Diplopoda, are the third most diverse class of terrestrial arthropods, following Insecta and Arachnida (Golovatch and Kime, Soil Org 81(3):565–597, 2009). They have a long and distinguished history on our planet and existed on earth more than 100 times longer than man, and their fossil records demonstrate their worldwide distribution (Almond, 1985; Hannibal, 1986). With an estimated total of more than 80,000 extant species, only about 12,0...
1 CitationsSource
Millipedes are some of the earliest examples of terrestrial animals, and fossils from the early Carboniferous Period indicate they were also some of the earliest prey. These fossils record ozopores, the openings of chemical defense glands, occurring along the length of the body. The secretions of these glands may consist of topical irritants, repellents, antifeedants, or, in the case of the large and widespread Order Polydesmida, hydrogen cyanide (HCN) gas that can be fatal to other arthropods o...
55 CitationsSource
#1Natdanai Likhitrakarn (Chula: Chulalongkorn University)H-Index: 7
#2Sergei I. Golovatch (RAS: Russian Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 14
Last. Somsak Panha (Chula: Chulalongkorn University)H-Index: 15
view all 3 authors...
Two new species of Desmoxytes are described and abundantly illustrated: D. rhinoceros sp. n. and D. rhinoparva sp. n., from southern and northern Laos, respectively. Illustrated redescriptions of all four Vietnamese Desmoxytes species proposed by Carl Attems are also provided, based on type material.
6 CitationsSource
#1Sergei I. Golovatch (RAS: Russian Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 14
#2Youbang. LiH-Index: 2
Last. Jean-Jacques GeoffroyH-Index: 10
view all 4 authors...
The large Southeast Asian genus Desmoxytes is slightly rediagnosed. A number of troglomorphic, most likely troglobitic, species occur in southern China. A key is provided to all 10 Desmoxytes spp. currently known from China, including three new presumed troglobites: Desmoxytes eupterygota sp. n. from Hunan Province, as well as Desmoxytes spinissima sp. n. and Desmoxytes lui sp. n. from Guangxi Province. “Desmoxytes” philippina Nguyen Duc & Sierwald, 2010, from the Philippines, is formally remove...
14 CitationsSource
5 CitationsSource
21 CitationsSource
#1Anh D. NguyenH-Index: 4
#1Anh NguyenH-Index: 60
Last. Petra SierwaldH-Index: 18
view all 2 authors...
A new dragon millipede species, Desmoxytes philippina, from the Philippines is described. This fi rst Philippine dragon millipede species expands the previously known distribution of the group, from Southeast Asia (Desmoxytes Chamberlin, 1923) and Australia (Desmoxytoides Mesibov, 2006).
3 Citations
#1Sergei I. GolovatchH-Index: 14
#2R. Desmond KimeH-Index: 2
42 Citations