Body Dissatisfaction of Adolescent Girls and Boys:: Risk and Resource Factors

Published on May 1, 2003in Journal of Early Adolescence
· DOI :10.1177/0272431603023002002
Erin T. Barker20
Estimated H-index: 20
(U of A: University of Alberta),
Nancy L. Galambos51
Estimated H-index: 51
(U of A: University of Alberta)
The objective of this study was to identify risk and resource factors related to body dissatisfaction for girls and boys in early adolescence. Participants were 91 girls and 79 boys in Grades 7 and 10 who were participants in the second wave of a 3-year longitudinal study of adolescents' psychosocial maturity. Separate hierarchical regressions were conducted for girls and boys. Three risk factors for girls' body dissatisfaction were identified: weight (higher body mass index), greater figure management, and being teased about appearance. For boys, being teased was the only significant risk factor. Perceived mother acceptance and father acceptance were the only significant resource factors for girls. No resource factors were significant for boys. Resource factors did not evidence protective effects (i.e., moderate effects of significant risks) against body dissatisfaction for girls or for boys. Findings are discussed in relation to previous research that has linked body dissatisfaction to disordered eating.
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