An Embedded Fiber Optic Sensor Method for Determining Residual Stresses in Fiber-Reinforced Composite Materials
Published on Oct 1, 1998in Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures2.569
· DOI :10.1177/1045389X9800901002
A method to determine process-induced residual stress in fiber-reinforced composite materials using strain measurements from embedded fiber optic sensors is presented. This method allows non-destructive, real-time determination of residual macrostress in these materials and may be useful for both process monitoring and control. Extrinsic Fabry-Perot interferometer strain sensors were embedded in Hercules AS4/3501-6 graphite/epoxy composite specimens prior to cure. The specimens were cured in a press, and the internal strains and temperatures developed during processing were monitored and recorded. Residual macrostresses were computed from these measurements using a viscoelastic model of the material. The results compare favorably with analytical predictions, previous experimental measurements from a destructive technique, and with measurements of warpage of a non-symmetric laminate.