Finite element modeling of impact, damage evolution and penetration of thick-section composites

Published on Apr 1, 2011in International Journal of Impact Engineering3.642
· DOI :10.1016/J.IJIMPENG.2010.11.001
Bazle A. Gama18
Estimated H-index: 18
(UD: University of Delaware),
John W. Gillespie70
Estimated H-index: 70
(UD: University of Delaware)
Abstract Impact, damage evolution and penetration of thick-section composites are investigated using explicit finite element (FE) analysis. A full 3D FE model of impact on thick-section composites is developed. The analysis includes initiation and progressive damage of the composite during impact and penetration over a wide range of impact velocities, i.e., from 50 m/s to 1000 m/s. Low velocity impact damage is modeled using a set of computational parameters determined through parametric simulation of quasi-static punch shear experiments. At intermediate and high impact velocities, complete penetration of the composite plate is predicted with higher residual velocities than experiments. This observation revealed that the penetration-erosion phenomenology is a function of post-damage material softening parameters, strain rate dependent parameters and erosion strain parameters. With the correct choice of these parameters, the finite element model accurately correlates with ballistic impact experiments. The validated FE model is then used to generate the time history of projectile velocity, displacement and penetration resistance force. Based on the experimental and computational results, the impact and penetration process is divided into two phases, i.e., short time Phase I – shock compression, and long time Phase II – penetration. Detailed damage and penetration mechanisms during these phases are presented.
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